Anwar Sadat

Sadat, Anwar al-

Anwar al- Sadat (änwär´ äl-sädät´), 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism. A German agent during World War II, he was imprisoned (1942) by the British but escaped after two years in jail. He was again jailed (1946–49) for participating in terrorist acts against pro-British Egyptian officials. Sadat took part in the bloodless coup (1952) that deposed King Farouk. Between 1952 and 1968, he held a variety of government positions, including director of army public relations; secretary-general of the National Union, Egypt's only political party; and president of the national assembly. In 1969 he was chosen to be Nasser's vice president, and after Nasser's death (1970), he succeeded to the presidency. Less charismatic than his predecessor, Sadat was nevertheless able to establish himself as Egypt's strongman and a leader of the Arab world. He assumed the premiership in 1973 and in October of that same year led Egypt into war with Israel. He became an Arab hero when Egyptian troops recaptured a small part of the Sinai Peninsula, taken by the Israelis in 1967. A pragmatist, Sadat indicated his willingness to consider a negotiated settlement with Israel and shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Menachim Begin as a result of the Camp David accords. He was assassinated by Muslim extremists, who were opposed to his peace initiative with Israel.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Sadat and After: Struggles for Egypt's Political Soul
Raymond William Baker.
Harvard University Press, 1990
Proceedings from the PWPA Colloquium on the Sadat Peace Initiative: A Scholarly Appraisal Ten Years Later
Abdelaziz S. Nawar.
Professors World Peace Academy, 1989
Egypt's Struggle for Peace: Continuity and Change, 1967-1977
Yoram Meital.
University Press of Florida, 1997
Heroic Diplomacy: Sadat, Kissinger, Carter, Begin and the Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace
Kenneth W. Stein.
Routledge, 1999
The Arab-Israel Dispute
Don Peretz.
Facts on File, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Sadat's Peace Initiative" begins on p. 76
Egypt from Monarchy to Republic: A Reassessment of Revolution and Change
Shimon Shamir.
Westview Press, 1995
Soviet Policy toward the Middle East since 1970
Robert O. Freedman.
Praeger, 1975
Egypt, Politics and Society, 1945-1990
Derek Hopwood.
Routledge, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Sadat's Revolution of Rectification"
The Carter Years: Toward a New Global Order
Richard C. Thornton.
Paragon House, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Middle East to the Horn of Africa: From Whipsaw to Backlash, 1977"
The Middle East Today
Don Peretz.
Praeger, 1988 (5th edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Revolutionary Egypt"
No God but God: Egypt and the Triumph of Islam
Geneive Abdo.
Oxford University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Anwar Sadat begins on p. 117
An Historical Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Bernard Reich; Joseph E. Goldberg; Stephen H. Gotowicki; Sanford R. Silverburg; Mark Daryl Erickson.
Greenwood Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "al-Sadat, Anwar" begins on p. 444
A Celluloid Hero
Hammond, Andrew.
The Middle East, October 2001
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