Hideki Tojo

Hideki Tojo (hēdā´kē tō´jō), 1884–1948, Japanese general and statesman. He became prime minister after he forced Konoye's resignation in Oct., 1941. His accession marked the final triumph of the military faction which advocated war with the United States and Great Britain. As the most powerful leader in the government during World War II, he approved the attack on Pearl Harbor and pushed the Japanese offensive in China, SE Asia, and the Pacific. His military coordination with Nazi Germany was weakened by mutual mistrust and divergent Russian policies. At home, the Japanese government asserted totalitarian control. Tojo resigned in July, 1944, after the loss of Saipan in the Marianas. In Apr., 1945, he recommended that the war be fought to a finish. He attempted suicide in Sept., 1945, but he was arrested by the Allies as a war criminal, tried, convicted, and executed.

See R. J. C. Butow, Tojo and the Coming of the War (1961).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

World Military Leaders: A Collective and Comparative Analysis
Mostafa Rejai; Kay Phillips.
Praeger Publishers, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Hideki Tojo (1884-1948)" begins on p. 102
Hirohito and War: Imperial Tradition and Military Decision Making in Prewar Japan
Peter Wetzler.
University of Hawaii Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Tojo and the Emperor: Mutual Political Convictions"
Defending Japan's Pacific War: The Kyoto School Philosophers and Post-White Power
David Williams.
RoutledgeCourzon, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Wartime Japan as It Really Was: The Kyoto School's Struggle against Tojo (1941-44)"
The Undeclared War, 1940-1941
William L. Langer; S. Everett Gleason.
Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1953
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XXVI "Around and Around the Same Circle"
In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army
Edward J. Drea.
University of Nebraska Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Twelve "Chasing a Decisive Victory Emperor: Hirohito and Japan's War with the West (1941-1945)"
Journey to the Missouri
Toshikazu Kase.
Yale University Press, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Hideki Tojo in multiple chapters
Politics, Trials, and Errors
Lord Hankey.
H. Regnery, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Four "The Japanese Trials" and Chap. Five "Shigemitsu"
From the Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor: Japan's Entry into World War II
David J. Lu.
Public Affairs Press, 1961
Strategy and Command: The First Two Years
Louis Morton.
Office of the Chief of Military History, Dept. of the Army, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "The Decision for War"
The Defeat of Japan
David Rees.
Praeger Publishers, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Saipan and the Fall of Tojo"
Command Decisions
Kent Roberts Greenfield.
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1960
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Japan's Decision for War"
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator