Fashoda Incident

Fashoda Incident (fəshō´də), 1898, diplomatic dispute between France and Great Britain. Toward the end of the 19th cent., while Britain was seeking to establish a continuous strip of territory from Cape Town to Cairo, France desired to establish an overland route from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. To make good their claim the French dispatched (May 1, 1897) Major J. B. Marchand with a small force from Brazzaville, in the face of a British warning. After crossing over 2,000 mi (3,200 km) of almost unexplored wilderness, Marchand reached (July 10, 1898) the village of Fashoda (now Kodok) on the Nile in the S Sudan (now in NE South Sudan). Beating off a Mahdist attack, he stopped there to await an expected Franco-Ethiopian expedition from the east. Meanwhile, Lord Kitchener's Anglo-Egyptian army had defeated (Sept. 2) the Mahdists in the N Sudan. When he heard of the French activities, Kitchener led forces upriver to Fashoda and, despite Marchand's presence, claimed (Sept. 19) the town for Egypt. The French government resisted for a time, but, fearing war, ordered its mission to withdraw on Nov. 3. In Mar., 1899, France yielded its claim to the upper Nile region and accepted part of the Sahara as compensation.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Fashoda, the Incident and Its Diplomatic Setting
Morrison Beall Giffen.
The University of Chicago Press, 1930
FREE! French Foreign Policy from Fashoda to Serajevo (1898-1914)
Graham H. Stuart.
Century, 1921
Librarian’s tip: Chap. II "Fashoda"
Divide and Rule: The Partition of Africa, 1880-1914
H. L. Wesseling; Arnold J. Pomerans.
Praeger, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Long March to Fashoda"
FREE! Thirty Years, Anglo-French Reminiscences (1876-1906)
Thomas Barclay.
Houghton Mifflin Company, 1914
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XIII "Fashoda"
Africa and the Victorians: The Climax of Imperialism in the Dark Continent
Ronald Robinson; John Gallagher; Alice Denny.
St. Martin's Press, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XII "The Way to Fashoda"
Egypt and the Formation of the Anglo-French Entente of 1904
Joseph James Mathews.
University of Pennsylvania, 1939
Librarian’s tip: "Status of the Egyptian Question following Fashoda" begins on p. 16
Foundations of British Foreign Policy from Pitt (1792) to Salisbury (1902); Or, Documents, Old and New
Harold Temperley; Lillian M. Penson.
University Press, 1938
Historical Dictionary of the Third French Republic, 1870-1940
Patrick H. Hutton; Amanda S. Bourque; Amy J. Staples.
Greenwood Press, vol.1, 1986
Librarian’s tip: "Fashoda Incident" begins on p. 360
Warfare & Society in Europe: 1898 to the Present
Michael S. Neiberg.
Routledge, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "From Fashoda to Sarajevo"
Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy
Kenneth A. Schultz.
Cambridge University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Fashoda revisited" begins on p. 175
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