Georges Pompidou

Pompidou, Georges Jean Raymond

Georges Jean Raymond Pompidou (zhôrzh pôNpēdōō´), 1911–74. French political leader, president of France (1969–74). Georges Pompidou taught school and then served in World War II until the fall (1940) of France, when he returned to teaching. In 1944 he served on the staff of General de Gaulle and later became a trusted aide. Joining the Rothschild banking firm in 1954, he soon became its director-general. He remained an important adviser to de Gaulle, and in 1962 President de Gaulle named him premier. During the 1968 strikes and riots in France, Pompidou emerged as a strong figure. Not long afterward, however, he was dismissed as premier by de Gaulle. After de Gaulle's resignation in 1969, Pompidou was elected president with the solid support of the Gaullist party. He immediately began to deal with France's economic problems, devaluing the franc and instituting a price freeze. In foreign affairs, he attempted to improve French relations with other countries and rejected de Gaulle's policy of opposition to Great Britain's entry into the European Community. Despite rumors that he was gravely ill Pompidou remained in office; he died of cancer.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

French International Policy under de Gaulle and Pompidou: The Politics of Grandeur
Edward A. Kolodziej.
Cornell University Press, 1974
The Fifth French Republic: Presidents, Politics and Personalities
Philip Thody.
Routledge, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Georges Pompidou"
The Road to Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union
Kenneth Dyson; Kevin Featherstone.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "The Political Problem of Reconciling Domestic and International Interests in EMU: The Legacy of Barre, Giscard d'Estaing, and Pompidou"
A Certain Idea of France: French Security Policy and the Gaullist Legacy
Philip H. Gordon.
Princeton University Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Three "Manipulating Ambiguity: Military Doctrines under de Gaulle and Pompidou"
The Linchpin: French-German Relations, 1950-1990
Julius W. Friend.
Praeger, 1991
Librarian’s tip: "The Pompidou-Brandt Years" begins on p. 51
Cross-Channel Currents: 100 Hundred Years of the Entente Cordiale
Richard Mayne; Douglas Johnson; Robert Tombs.
Routledge, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "Heath and Pompidou" begins on p. 176
France's Relationship with Subsaharan Africa
Anton Andereggen.
Praeger Publishers, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Pompidou and Giscard's African Policies" begins on p. 79
Government and Politics of France
Andrew Knapp; Vincent Wright.
Routledge, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Georges Pompidou (1908-74)" begins on p. 67
Oldest Allies, Guarded Friends: The United States and France since 1940
Charles G. Cogan.
Praeger, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Georges Pompidou begins on p. 151
Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Alex Hughes; Keith Reader.
Routledge, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Pompidou, Georges" begins on p. 433
A Dictionary of Political Biography
Dennis Kavanagh.
Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Georges Pompidou begins on p. 389
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