Vichy France

Vichy

Vichy (vĬsh´ē, Fr. vēshē´), city (1990 pop. 28,048), Allier dept., central France, on the Allier River. Vichy's hot mineral springs have made it one of the foremost spas in Europe. In addition to bottled Vichy water, pharmaceuticals, clothing, and cosmetics are manufactured. The Vichy government was the regime set up there by Marshal Henri Pétain in July, 1940, subsequent to the Franco-German armistice of June 22. Its effective control extended only to unoccupied France and its colonies. The Third Republic was voted out of existence by a truncated parliament, and a new constitution established a corporate state (see fascism). The Vichy government, which was never recognized by the Allies, became a German tool in the hands of such men as Pierre Laval and Jean François Darlan, although German expectations were never completely satisfied. When the Allies invaded North Africa in Nov., 1942, Hitler annulled the armistice of 1940 and occupied all France. The Vichy government continued a shadowy existence, eventually fleeing before the Allied advance to Sigmaringen, Germany, where it collapsed when Germany surrendered in 1945.

See R. O. Paxton, Vichy France (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Vichy: France's Shield or Hitler's Sword? Lindsay Pollick Reviews Changing Interpretations
Pollick, Lindsay.
History Review, No. 66, March 2010
Vichy, Resistance, Liberation: New Perspectives on Wartime France
Hanna Diamond; Simon Kitson.
Berg, 2005
The Changing Image of Vichy in France
Singer, Barnett.
Contemporary Review, Vol. 291, No. 1693, Summer 2009
Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France
W. D. Halls.
Berg, 1995
Vichy France and the Jews
Michael R. Marrus; Robert 0. Paxton.
Basic Books, 1981
France at War: Vichy and the Historians
Sarah Fishman; Laura Lee Downs; Ioannis Sinanoglou; Leonard V. Smith; Robert Zaretsky; David Lake.
Berg, 2000
Triumph of Treason
Pierre Cot.
Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, 1944
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Vichy Government against Justice"
The Resistance versus Vichy: The Purge of Collaborators in Liberated France
Peter Novick.
Columbia University Press, 1968
Uneasy Asylum: France and the Jewish Refugee Crisis, 1933-1942
Vicki Caron.
Stanford University, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Fourteen "The Path to Vichy: Continuities and Discontinuities in Jewish Refugee Policy"
The Vichy Regime, 1940-44
Robert Aron; Georgette Elgey; Humphrey Hare.
Macmillan, 1958
Vichy: Political Dilemma
Paul Farmer.
Columbia University Press, 1955
Vichy's Afterlife: History and Counterhistory in Postwar France
Richard J. Golsan.
University of Nebraska Press, 2000
The Authorized Press in Vichy and German-Occupied France, 1940-1944: A Bibliography
Donna Evleth.
Greenwood Press, 1999
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