Margaret Cavendish

Newcastle, William Cavendish, duke of

William Cavendish Newcastle, duke of, 1593?–1676, English soldier and politician. Of great wealth, Cavendish became (1638) governor of the prince of Wales and a privy councilor. During the civil war he supplied financial and military aid to the royalist cause, raising, maintaining, and leading troops in the northern counties. He was at first successful, but part of his force was defeated at Winceby by Oliver Cromwell in 1643, and after his defeat with Prince Rupert at Marston Moor in 1644 he retired to the Continent. He returned to England with Charles II at the Restoration, having expended nearly £1 million in the royalist cause. His estates were restored, and he was created duke of Newcastle in 1665. He engaged little in politics thereafter. Newcastle wrote several plays and books on horsemanship and was a lifelong patron of writers, among others Ben Jonson (who wrote two masques for the entertainment of Charles I at Newcastle's Welbeck estate in 1633 and 1634) and, later, John Dryden. His second wife, Margaret (Lucas) Cavendish, duchess of Newcastle, 1623?–1673, achieved contemporary notice for her poems, plays, essays, scientific treatises, letters, orations, and fantasies. Her biography of her husband (1667) was edited by C. H. Firth (1906).

See H. T. E. Perry, The First Duchess of Newcastle and Her Husband as Figures in Literary History (1918); D. Grant, Margaret the First (1957).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Margaret the First: A Biography of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, 1623-1673
Douglas Grant.
Rupert Hart-Davis, 1957
Margaret Cavendish and the Romance of Contract
Kahn, Victoria.
Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 50, No. 2, Summer 1997
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Mental World of Stuart Women: Three Studies
Sara Heller Mendelson.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. I "Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle"
Reading Early Modern Women's Writing
Paul Salzman.
Oxford University Press, 2006
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Margaret Cavendish and Lucy Hutchinson: Authorship and Ownership"
Feeling as a Foreign Language: The Good Strangeness of Poetry
Alice Fulton.
Greywolf Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Unordinary Passions: Margaret Cavendish, the Duchess of Newcastle" begins on p. 85
Readings in Renaissance Women's Drama: Criticism, History, and Performance, 1594-1998
S. P. Cerasano; Marion Wynne-Davies.
Routledge, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 13 "'My Brain the Stage': Margaret Cavendish and the Fantasy of Female Performance" and Chap. 14 "'A Woman Write a Play!': Jonsonian Strategies and the Dramatic Writings of Margaret Cavendish; or, Did the Duchess Feel the Anxiety of Influence?"
Poetry and Revolution: An Anthology of British and Irish Verse, 1625-1660
Peter Davidson.
Clarendon Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Includes several poems by Margaret Cavendish
Eighteenth-Century Women and the Arts
Frederick M. Keener; Susan E. Lorsch.
Greenwood Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "The Poet as Mermaid: Images of Self in Margaret Cavendish and Others"
Authorship and Appropriation: Writing for the Stage in England, 1660-1710
Paulina Kewes.
Clarendon Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Margaret Cavendish begins on p. 191
Women Philosophers of the Seventeenth Century
Jacqueline Broad.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Margaret Cavendish"
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