Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law (bŏn´ər), 1858–1923, British statesman, b. Canada. He went to Scotland as a boy and in 1900, after a business career, was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. He soon became known as a spokesman for tariff reform. In 1911 he succeeded Arthur Balfour as leader of the Conservative party. Working closely with Sir Edward Carson, he led the fierce opposition to Irish Home Rule that carried Ireland to the brink of civil war. During World War I he was colonial secretary (1915–16) in Herbert Asquith's coalition cabinet and then (1916) became chancellor of the exchequer and leader of the House of Commons under David Lloyd George. He resigned party leadership in 1921, but in 1922 he returned to politics to lead the Conservative revolt against the continuation of the wartime coalition. He became (Oct., 1922) prime minister but had to resign the following May because of ill health.

See biography by R. Blake (2 vol., 1955–56).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Unknown Prime Minister: The Life and Times of Andrew Bonar Law, 1858-1923
Robert Blake.
Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1955
The Dominions and India since 1900
Frederick Eliot Madden; John Eliot Darwin.
Greenwood Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Includes speeches by Andrew Bonar Law
Fifty Key Figures in Twentieth Century British Politics
Keith Laybourn.
Routledge, 2002
Cabinet Reform in Britain, 1914-1963
Hans Daalder.
Stanford University Press, 1964
Librarian’s tip: "The Conservative Government of Bonar Law and Baldwin (1922-24)" begins on p. 60
For Party or Country: Nationalism and the Dilemmas of Popular Conservatism in Edwardian England
Frans Coetzee.
Oxford University Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: "Tariff Reform's Change of Course" begins on p. 144
The Decline and Fall of Lloyd George
Max Aitken Beaverbrook.
Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1963
Librarian’s tip: "Bonar Law Enters" begins on p. 170 and "Bonar Law--Prime Minister" begins on p. 200
An Encyclopedia of Parliament
Norman Wilding; Philip Laundy.
Cassell, 1972 (4th Rev. edition)
FREE! Political Profiles from British Public Life
Herbert Sidebotham.
Houghton, Mifflin Company, 1921
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "Mr. Bonar Law"
My Political Life
L. S. Amery.
Hutchinson, vol.2, 1953
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "The Bonar Law-Baldwin Ministry"
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