Nikolai Bukharin

Bukharin, Nikolai Ivanovich

Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (nyĬkəlī´ ēvä´nəvĬch bōōkhä´rēn), 1888–1938, Russian Communist leader and theoretician. A member of the Bolshevik wing of the Social Democratic party, he spent the years 1911–17 abroad and edited (1916) the revolutionary paper Novy Mir [new world] in New York City. He took part in the Bolshevik Revolution in Nov., 1917 (Oct., 1917, O.S.), in Russia and became a leader in the Comintern and editor of the Soviet newspaper Pravda [truth]. In 1924 he was made a full member of the politburo. As Stalin rose to power in the 1920s, Bukharin first allied with him against Kamenev and Zinoviev. An advocate of slow agricultural collectivization and industrialization (the position of the so-called right opposition), Bukharin lost (1929) his major posts after that position was defeated by the Stalinist majority in the party. He edited Izvestia [news] briefly in 1934 but was dismissed. In 1938 he was tried publicly for treason and was executed. He wrote and translated many works on economics and political science, which gained a growing readership in the late 20th cent. In the Gorbachev era, Bukharin was rehabilitated and posthumously reinstated (1988) as a party member.

See his autobiographical novel How It All Began (1937?, pub. 1994); studies by S. F. Cohen (1980) and M. Haynes (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Bukharin in Retrospect
Theodor Bergmann; Gert Schaefer; Mark Selden.
M.E. Sharpe, 1994
How It All Began
Nikolai Bukharin; George Shriver.
Columbia University Press, 1998
Selected Writings on the State and the Transition to Socialism
N. I. Bukharin; Richard B. Day; Richard B. Day.
M. E. Sharpe, 1982
Nikolai Bukharin & the Transition from Capitalism to Socialism
Michael Haynes.
Holmes & Meier, 1985
Paradigm Lost: A Cultural and Systems Theoretical Critique of Political Economy
Kenneth Michael Stokes.
M. E. Sharpe, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Bagdanov's Counterpart: Nikolai Bukharin" begins on p. 287 and "Bukharin's Contribution to Open System's Analysis" begins on p. 296
A Short History of Soviet Socialism
Mark Sandle.
UCL Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Five "Stalin, Trotsky and Bukharin: Debating a New Orthodoxy"
Twentieth Century Russia
Donald W. Treadgold; Herbert J. Ellison.
Westview Press, 2000 (9th edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Stalin, Trotsky, and Bukharin"
Revisionism: Essays on the History of Marxist Ideas
Leopold Labedz.
Frederick A. Praeger, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "Between Lenin and Stalin: Nikolai Bukharin"
Rethinking the Soviet Experience: Politics and History since 1917
Stephen F. Cohen.
Oxford University Press, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Bukharin, NEP, and the Idea of an Alternative to Stalinism"
The Kremlin and the People
Walter Duranty.
Reynal & Hitchcock, 1941
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "The Bukharin-Yagoda Trial"
Time and Revolution: Marxism and the Design of Soviet Institutions
Stephen E. Hanson.
University of North Carolina Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Bukharin and the Right Opposition" begins on p. 117
The Great Terror: A Reassessment
Robert Conquest.
Oxford University Press, 1991
The Conscience of the Revolution: Communist Opposition in Soviet Russia
Robert Vincent Daniels.
Harvard University Press, 1960
The Routledge Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Political Thinkers
Robert Benewick; Philip Green.
Routledge, 1998 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin 1888-1938" begins on p. 34
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