Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Gramsci (antôn´yô gräm´shē), 1891–1937, Italian political leader and theoretician. Originally a member of the Socialist party and a cofounder (1919) of the left-wing paper L'Ordine Nuovo, Gramsci helped to establish (1921) the Italian Communist party. When Benito Mussolini outlawed the party, Gramsci was imprisoned (1926–37). His posthumously published prison writings, Lettere del carcere (1947), present his theory of hegemony, which explains how a dominant class controls society and emphasizes a less dogmatic form of Communism that many intellectuals preferred to the increasingly ossified version represented by the former Soviet Union.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Gramsci's Political Thought: An Introduction
Roger Simon.
Lawrence & Wishart, 1991
A Gramsci Reader: Selected Writings, 1916-1935
David Forgacs; Antonio Gramsci.
Lawrence & Wishart, 1999
The Modern Prince: And Other Writings
Antonio Gramsci.
Lawrence and Wishart, 1957
Italy's Southern Question: Orientalism in One Country
Jane Schneider.
Berg, 1998
Eurocommunism: The Italian Case
Austin Ranney; Giovanni Sartori.
American Enterprise Institute, 1978
Futurism and Politics: Between Anarchist Rebellion and Fascist Reaction, 1909-1944
Günter Berghaus.
Berghahn Books, 1996
The Political Classics: Green to Dworkin
Murray Forsyth; Maurice Keens-Soper.
Oxford University Press, 1996
Socialism: Crisis and Renewal
Chronis Polychroniou.
Praeger Publishers, 1993
Nationalism and the International Labor Movement: The Idea of the Nation in Socialist and Anarchist Theory
Michael Forman.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998
Mapping Ideology
Slavoj Žižek.
Verso, 1994
The Church, Society, and Hegemony: A Critical Sociology of Religion in Latin America
Carlos Alberto Torres; Richard A. Young.
Praeger Publishers, 1992
Gramsci and Contemporary Politics: Beyond Pessimism of the Intellect
Anne Showstack Sasson.
Routledge, 2000
Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci
Antonio Gramsci; Quintin Hoare; Geoffrey Nowell Smith.
Lawrence & Wishart, 1978
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