Benedetto Croce

Benedetto Croce (bānādĕt´tō krô´chā), 1866–1952, Italian philosopher, historian, and critic. He lived mostly in Naples, devoting himself to studying and writing. He founded and edited (1903–44) Critica, a review of literature, history, and philosophy, which in 1944 became Quaderni della critica. Croce was made a senator in 1910 and was minister of education (1920–21). A staunch opponent of Fascism, he lived in retirement until 1943, when he became a leader of the Liberal party. Croce's system of philosophy is related to the idealistic school in that spirit, monistic in manifestation, constitutes the only reality. In his works on aesthetics Croce held that an artist's mental images, communicated by physical artifacts, constitute works of art. Viewing history as an interpretation of the past, he argued that history is not only a form of thought but the culmination of philosophy. The general title of the work presenting his system is Philosophy of the Spirit (1902–17; tr. 1909–21), which is divided into four parts, Aesthetic as Science of Expression and General Linguistic, Logic as the Science of Pure Concept, Philosophy of the Practical, and History: Its Theory and Practice. Among his other works are A History of Italy, 1871–1915 (1927; tr. 1929) and History as the Story of Liberty (1938; tr. 1941).

See his essays My Philosophy (tr. 1949); M. E. Moss, Benedetto Croce Reconsidered (1987); D. Roberts, Benedetto Croce and the Uses of Historicism (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Benedetto Croce: Philosopher of Art and Literary Critic
Gian N. G. Orsini.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1961
History and Liberty: The Historical Writings of Benedetto Croce
A. Robert Caponigri.
Routledge and Paul, 1955
Croce, the King and the Allies: Extracts from a Diary by Benedetto Croce, July 1943-June 1944
Sylvia Sprigge; Benedetto Croce.
Allen & Unwin, 1950
My Philosophy, and Other Essays on the Moral and Political Problems of Our Time
Benedetto Croce; E. F. Carritt.
Allen & Unwin, 1949
Politics and Morals
Benedetto Croce.
Philosophical Library, 1945
The Conduct of Life
Benedetto Croce; Arthur Livingston.
Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1924
Theory & History of Historiography
Benedetto Croce; Douglas Ainslie.
George G. Harrap, 1921
Philosophy of the Practical: Economic and Ethic
Benedetto Croce; Douglas Ainslie.
Biblo and Tannen, 1969
Antifascisms: Cultural Politics in Italy, 1943-46: Benedetto Croce and the Liberals, Carlo Levi and the "Actionists"
David Ward.
Associated University Presses, 1996
The Philosophy of Benedetto Croce: The Problem of Art and History
H. Wildon Carr.
Macmillan & Co., 1917
High Points in the History of Italian Literature
Domenico Vittorini.
David McKay, 1958
Librarian’s tip: "Benedetto Croce and Criticism" begins on p. 276 and "Benedetto Croce and Luigi Pirandello" begins on p. 282
FREE! Ariosto, Shakespeare and Corneille
Benedetto Croce; Douglas Ainslie.
Henry Holt, 1920
FREE! The Poetry of Dante
Benedetto Croce; Douglas Ainslie.
Henry Holt and Company, 1922
Search for more books and articles on Benedetto Croce