Geneva Conventions

Geneva Conventions

Geneva Conventions, series of treaties signed (1864–1949) in Geneva, Switzerland, providing for humane treatment of combatants and civilians in wartime. The first convention, signed by 16 nations, covered the protection of sick and wounded soldiers and medical personnel and facilities, and was instrumental in the development of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Later conventions extended (1906) the first to naval warfare and covered (1929) the treatment of prisoners of war. As a result of World War II, particularly of the conduct of Germany and Japan, four conventions were adopted in 1949 to strengthen and codify earlier treaties and safeguard civilians.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

War and Law since 1945
Geoffrey Best.
Clarendon Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Geneva Conventions of 1949" and Chap. 5 "Making the Geneva Conventions"
Leashing the Dogs of War
Rivkin, David B., Jr.; Casey, Lee A.
The National Interest, No. 73, Fall 2003
Protecting People in Times of War
Sandoz, Yves.
UN Chronicle, Vol. 36, No. 4, Winter 1999
After Guantanamo: The War over the Geneva Convention
Rabkin, Jeremy.
The National Interest, Summer 2002
Fairness in International Law and Institutions
Thomas M. Franck.
Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Norms and Practice under the Geneva Convention" begins on p. 274
Champions of Charity: War and the Rise of the Red Cross
John F. Hutchinson.
Westview Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of the Geneva Conventions in multiple chapters
John Walker Lindh and Yaser Esam Hamdi: Closing the Loophole in International Humanitarian Law for American Nationals Captured Abroad While Fighting with Enemy Forces.
Sperber, Melysa H.
American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 40, No. 1, Winter 2003
Guantanamo Limbo : INTERNATIONAL LAW OFFERS TOO LITTLE PROTECTION FOR PRISONERS OF THE NEW WAR
Butler, Judith.
The Nation, Vol. 274, No. 12, April 1, 2002
On America's Double Standard: The Good and Bad Faces of Exceptionalism
Koh, Harold Hongju.
The American Prospect, Vol. 15, No. 10, October 2004
Ignore the Geneva Convention and Put Our Own Citizens at Risk. (Civil Liberties Watch)
Byers, Michael.
The Humanist, Vol. 62, No. 2, March-April 2002
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