Jeffery Amherst

Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron

Jeffery Amherst Amherst, Baron (ăm´ərst), 1717–97, British army officer. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession and in the early part of the Seven Years War. In 1758 he was sent to America as a major general to lead the Louisburg campaign in the last of the French and Indian Wars. The capture (1758) of the French fortress gave Britain her first important victory in the war, and Amherst replaced James Abercromby as supreme commander in America. The next year (1759), pushing northward from Albany, he took Crown Point and Ticonderoga, but he arrived too late to help General Wolfe take Quebec. He directed (1760) the capture of Montreal and returned (1763) to England. In the American Revolution, Amherst refused to command British troops in New England, but in 1778 he became commander in chief of home defenses. Amherst, for whom Amherst and Amherst College is named, was created baron in 1776 and was made a field marshal in 1796.

See his journal (ed. by J. C. Webster, 1931); biography by J. C. Long (1933).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Lord Jeffery Amherst, a Soldier of the King
J. C. Long.
The Macmillan Company, 1933
Haughty Conquerors: Amherst and the Great Indian Uprising of 1763
William R. Nester.
Praeger Publishers, 2000
The Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War after the Conquest of Canada
Francis Parkman.
University of Nebraska Press, vol.2, 1994
The Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War after the Conquest of Canada
Francis Parkman.
University of Nebraska Press, vol.1, 1994
The War for America: 1775-1783
Piers Mackesy.
University of Nebraska Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Lord Amherst begins on p. 180
The First Global War: Britain, France, and the Fate of North America, 1756-1775
William R. Nester.
Praeger Publishers, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Amherst" begins on p. 200
The French and Indian War
Alfred A. Cave.
Greenwood Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jeffery Amherst begins on p. 100
Century of Conflict
Joseph Lister Rutledge.
Doubleday, 1956
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XXVII "Now the King Can Sleep"
Pontiac: Local Warrior or Pan-Indian Leader?
Middleton, Richard.
Michigan Historical Review, Vol. 32, No. 2, Fall 2006
Historical Dictionary of the British Empire
James S. Olson; Robert S. Shadle.
Greenwood Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jeffery Amherst begins on p. 36
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