Comte de Grasse

Grasse, François Joseph Paul, comte de

François Joseph Paul Grasse, comte de (fräNswä´ zhôzĕf´ pōl kôNt də gräs), 1722–88, French admiral. In 1781, in command of a French fleet sent to cooperate with the Continental forces in the American Revolution, he defeated a British naval force under Admiral Hood and captured Tobago. Then he came N to Virginia at the request of generals Washington and Rochambeau. There he used his fleet to blockade the York and James rivers, thus bottling up General Cornwallis at Yorktown. He outmaneuvered and defeated a British force under Admiral Graves, and men from his ships also took part in the land fight. His efforts led to the great victory of the Yorktown campaign. After the Revolution was won, Admiral de Grasse was severely defeated (1782) by the British under Admiral Rodney in the West Indies.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! France in the American Revolution
James Breck Perkins.
Houghton Mifflin, 1911
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XIX "The Expedition of de Grasse" and Chap. XXI "Yorktown and de Grasse"
Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite: The American Revolution & the European Response
Charles W. Toth.
Whitston, 1989
Librarian’s tip: "Admiral de Grasse: Savior of the Revolution" begins on p. 331
FREE! The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783
A. T. Mahan.
Little, Brown, 1918 (12th edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XIII "Events in the West Indies after the Surrender of Yorktown- Encounters of de Grasse with Hood- The Sea Battle of the Saints- 1781,1782"
The War for America: 1775-1783
Piers Mackesy.
University of Nebraska Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Rodney and de Grasse" begins on p. 415
The Price of Independence: A Realistic View of the American Revolution
Broadus Mitchell.
Oxford University Press, 1974
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Comte de Grasse begins on p. 304
FREE! The French War and the Revolution
William Milligan Sloane.
Sampson Low, Marston, 1893
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XXVIII "Yorktown - 1781"
FREE! George the Third and Charles Fox: The Concluding Part of the American Revolution
George Otto Bart Trevelyan.
Longmans, Green, and Co., vol.2, 1912
Librarian’s tip: "Admiral de Grasse at St. Domingo" begins on p. 37
FREE! The Yorktown Campaign and the Surrender of Cornwallis, 1781
Henry P. Johnston.
Harper & Brothers, 1881 (Revised edition)
Washington: Commander in Chief
Thomas G. Frothingham.
Houghton Mifflin, 1930
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Comte de Grasse begins on p. 348
Lafayette
Harlow Giles Unger.
Wiley, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Admiral de Grasse" begins on p. 154
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