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Comte de Rochambeau

Rochambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de

Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur Rochambeau, comte de (zhäN bätēst´, kôNt də rôshaNbō´), 1725–1807, marshal of France. He took part in the wars of King Louis XV and had been promoted to lieutenant general by 1780, when King Louis XVI sent him, with some 6,000 regulars, to aid General Washington in the American Revolution. He landed in Newport, R.I., and remained there a year because the French fleet was blockaded off Narragansett. In July, 1781, he joined Washington on the Hudson River and the two armies marched south against General Cornwallis. The result was the Yorktown campaign, which ended the war. In the French Revolution, Rochambeau was made (1791) a marshal and commanded the Northern Army, but he resigned (1792) after a disagreement with General Dumouriez. He was imprisoned in the Terror and barely escaped execution. Napoleon restored him to his rank. His memoirs of the American Revolution were translated in 1838.

See biography by A. Whitridge (1965); J.-E. Weelen, Rochambeau, Father and Son (1936).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite: The American Revolution & the European Response
Charles W. Toth.
Whitston, 1989
Librarian’s tip: "Rochambeau in America: 'Old Papa' Opts for Yorktown" begins on p. 311
FREE! France in the American Revolution
James Breck Perkins.
Houghton Mifflin, 1911
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XVI "The Arrival of Rochambeau"
FREE! With Americans of Past and Present Days
J. J. Jusserand.
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1916
Librarian’s tip: "Rochambeau and the French in America" begins on p. 3
FREE! George the Third and Charles Fox: The Concluding Part of the American Revolution
George Otto Bart Trevelyan.
Longmans, Green, and Co., vol.2, 1912
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XXIII "The French Alliance, Washington and Rochambeau, the Southward March, Yorktown"
FREE! Soldiers and Sailors of France in the American War for Independence (1776-1783)
Captain Joachim Merlant; Mary Bushnell Coleman.
C. Scribner's Sons, 1920
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Comte de Rochambeau in multiple chapters
FREE! Washington and His Comrades in Arms: A Chronicle of the War of Independence
George M. Wrong.
Yale University Press, 1921
Librarian’s tip: Chap. X "France to the Rescue"
FREE! The Yorktown Campaign and the Surrender of Cornwallis, 1781
Henry P. Johnston.
Harper & Brothers, 1881 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Comte de Rochambeau in multiple chapters
Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution 1789-1799
Samuel F. Scott; Barry Rothaus.
Greenwood Press, vol.2, 1985
From Yorktown to Valmy: The Transformation of the French Army in An Age of Revolution
Samuel F. Scott.
University Press of Colorado, 1998
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