Yucatan, Mexico History

Yucatán (state, Mexico)

Yucatán (yōōkətăn´, –kätän´), state (1990 pop. 1,362,940), 14,868 sq mi (38,508 sq km), SE Mexico, occupying most of the northern part of the Yucatán peninsula. It lies between Campeche and Quintana Roo. The principal industry is tourism and the cultivation and preparation of henequen—mostly exported to the United States. Citrus production has gained in importance in recent years, and textile production, tobacco and other farming, and fishing are also important. Roads and rail lines connect many of the larger towns with the capital, Mérida. By 300 BC, and until Columbian times, Yucatán was populated by the Maya. Cortés came to Yucatán in 1519. It became a state when Mexico won independence (1821) but seceded from 1839 to 1843. There were severe political uprisings in 1847 and in 1910. Several of the most famous Mayan ruins, including Tulúm, Chichén Itzá, and Uxmal, are located here.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Machete and the Cross: Campesino Rebellion in Yucatan
Don E. Dumond.
University of Nebraska Press, 1997
Land, Labor & Capital in Modern Yucatan: Essays in Regional History and Political Economy
Jeffery T. Brannon; Gilbert M. Joseph.
University of Alabama Press, 1991
The War of the Eggs: Event, Archive, and History in Yucatan's Independent Union Movement, 1990 (1)
Eiss, Paul.
Ethnology, Vol. 42, No. 2, Spring 2003
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Spanish Sea: The Gulf of Mexico in North American Discovery, 1500-1685
Robert S. Weddle.
Texas A & M University Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "Grijalva's Captains: Montejo and Avila in Yucatan, 1527-42"
Spaniards and Indians in Southeastern Mesoamerica: Essays on the History of Ethnic Relations
Murdo J. MacLeod; Robert Wasserstrom.
University of Nebraska Press, 1983
Librarian’s tip: "Indians in Colonial Yucatan: Three Perspectives" begins on p. 1, and "The Last Maya Frontiers of Colonial Yucatan" begins on p. 64
Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1648-1812
Robert W. Patch.
Stanford University Press, 1993
Yucatan's Maya Peasantry and the Origins of the Caste War
Terry Rugeley.
University of Texas Press, 1996
The Maya World: Yucatec Culture and Society, 1550-1850
Matthew Restall.
Stanford University, 1997
The Decolonial Imaginary: Writing Chicanas into History
Emma Érez.
Indiana University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Feminism-in-Nationalism: Third Space Feminism in Yucatan's Socialist Revolution"
When Peoples Meet: A Study in Race and Culture Contacts
Alain Locke; Bernhard J. Stern.
Committee on Workshops, Progressive Education Association, 1942
Librarian’s tip: "Spanish Policy and the Yucatan" begins on p. 175
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