Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)

Shining Path

Shining Path, Span. Sendero Luminoso, Peruvian Communist guerrilla force, officially the Communist party of Peru. Founded in 1970 by Abimael Guzmán Reynoso as an orthodox Marxist-Leninist offshoot of the Peruvian Communist party, the Shining Path turned to terrorism in 1980. By the mid-1980s it had several thousand guerrillas, largely in rural central and S Peru. The group began urban terrorism in the late 1980s. In 1992 President Fujimori instituted martial law, and the subsequent capture and life sentence of Guzmán and the jailing of most the organization's central committee diminished their guerrilla raids and largely ended any serious threat to the government. The group persisted, however, continuing its attacks on a smaller scale, and experienced a minor resurgence from 2007, when it became involved in protecting the illegal cocaine trade. In 20 years of fighting as many as 69,000 people, most of them civilians, died. In 2003, Guzmán's conviction was overturned, but a new proceeding in 2004 ended in a mistrial. Guzmán was retried a second time beginning in 2005, and was convicted in 2006 and sentenced to life in prison. In 2012 the government claimed to have defeated a remnant group operating in central Peru; other remnants remained in S Peru.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Sendero Luminoso and the Threat of Narcoterrorism
Gabriela Tarazona-Sevillano; John B. Reuter.
Praeger, 1990
Militarism and Politics in Latin America: Peru from Sanchez Cerro to Sendero Luminoso
Daniel M. Masterson.
Greenwood Press, 1991
The Monkey's Paw: New Chronicles from Peru
Robin Kirk.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1997
Geographical Dimensions of the Shining Path Insurgency in Peru
Kent, Robert B.
The Geographical Review, Vol. 83, No. 4, October 1993
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Peruvian Labyrinth: Polity, Society, Economy
Maxwell A. Cameron; Philip Mauceri.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "After the Fall of Abimael Guzman: The Limits of Sendero Luminoso"
State under Siege: Development and Policy Making in Peru
Philip Mauceri.
Westview Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Sendero Luminoso: Ideology and the State in the Andes"
The Corner of the Living: Ayacucho on the Eve of the Shining Path Insurgency
Miguel La Serna.
University of North Carolina Press, 2012
Freedom or Security: The Consequences for Democracies Using Emergency Powers to Fight Terror
Michael Freeman.
Praeger, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Peru and the Shining Path"
Distant Thunder: Patterns of Conflict in the Developing World
Donald M. Snow.
M. E. Sharpe, 1997 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Cases in Point: Sendero Luminoso and Restore Hope"
From People's War to People's Rule: Insurgency, Intervention, and the Lessons of Vietnam
Timothy J. Lomperis.
University of North Carolina Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Findings from the Prism and an Application: Sendero Luminoso of Peru"
The Struggle for Water in Peru: Comedy and Tragedy in the Andean Commons
Paul B. Trawick.
Stanford University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Eight "Water into Blood: Irrigation Improvement, Corruption, and the Coming of the Shining Path"
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