Anne Hutchinson

Anne Hutchinson, c.1591–1643, religious leader in New England, b. Anne Marbury in Lincolnshire, England. She emigrated (1634) with her husband and family to Massachusetts Bay, where her brilliant mind and her kindness won admiration and a following. The informal discussions at her home gave scope to Puritan intellects, but her espousal of the covenant of grace as opposed to the covenant of works (i.e., she tended to believe that faith alone was necessary to salvation) and her claim that she could identify the elect among the colonists caused John Cotton, John Winthrop, and other former friends to view her as an antinomian heretic. She defied them, was tried by the General Court, and was sentenced (1637) to banishment for "traducing the ministers." Several of her followers—including William Coddington, John Wheelwright, John Underhill, and John Clarke—also left Massachusetts Bay. After helping Coddington to found the present Portsmouth, R.I., she quarreled with him and, with Samuel Gorton, ousted him in 1639. After Coddington's return to power, she moved (1642) to Long Island and then to what is now Pelham Bay Park in New York City. There she and all the other members of her family but one were killed by Native Americans.

See W. K. Rugg, Unafraid (1930, repr. 1970); E. J. Battis, Saints and Sectaries (1962); F. J. Bremer, Anne Hutchinson (1981); A. S. Lang, Prophetic Woman: Anne Hutchinson and the Problem of Dissent in the Literature of New England (1987); E. LaPlante, American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defied the Puritans (2004).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Unafraid: A Life of Anne Hutchinson
Winnifred King Rugg.
Houghton Mifflin, 1930
American Political Trials
Michal R. Belknap.
Praeger Publishers, 1994 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "'To Bee Rooted Out of Her Station': The Ordeal of Anne Hutchinson"
Governing the Tongue: The Politics of Speech in Early New England
Jane Kamensky.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Three "The Misgovernment of Woman's Tongue"
She Hath Made a Disturbance ; by Daring to Preach and Teach, Anne Hutchinson Posed the First Great Threat to Puritan Government in the New World
Charles, Ron.
The Christian Science Monitor, March 3, 2004
Forgotten Americans: Footnote Figures Who Changed American History
Willard Sterne Randall; Nancy Nahra.
Perseus Books, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Anne Marbury Hutchinson: This Great and Sore Affliction" begins on p. 1
Dictionary of Heresy Trials in American Christianity
George H. Shriver.
Greenwood Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643)" begins on p. 177
Puritanism in America, 1620-1750
Everett Emerson.
Twayne Publishers, 1977
Librarian’s tip: "Anne Hutchinson" begins on p. 72
Understanding The Scarlet Letter: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents
Claudia Durst Johnson.
Greenwood Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Anne Hutchinson and Hester Prynne"
Herstory: A Woman's View of American History
June Sochen.
Alfred Publishing, 1974
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Three "The Defiant Ones 1600-1775"
Out of Her Place: Anne Hutchinson and the Dislocation of Power in New World Politics
Smith, Cheryl C.
Journal of American Culture (Malden, MA), Vol. 29, No. 4, December 2006
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Transgressing the Bounds: Subversive Enterprises among the Puritan Elite in Massachusetts, 1630-1692
Louise A. Breen.
Oxford University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "The Antinomian Moment: A Contest of Cultures in Puritan Massachusetts"
Martyrs' Mirror: Persecution and Holiness in Early New England
Adrian Chastain Weimer.
Oxford University Press, 2011
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Performances of Martyrdom in the Antinomian Controversy"
The Making of An American Thinking Class: Intellectuals and Intelligentsia in Puritan Massachusetts
Darren Staloff.
Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Antinomianism Defeated"
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