John Hancock

John Hancock, 1737–93, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Braintree, Mass. From an uncle he inherited Boston's leading mercantile firm, and naturally he opposed the Stamp Act (1765) and other British trade restrictions. In 1768 his ship Liberty was seized as a smuggler and confiscated by the crown. A riot ensued, and later the ship was burned. Hancock was hailed as a martyr and elected (1766) to the legislature, where he joined Samuel Adams in advocating resistance to England. In 1775, Gen. Thomas Gage issued a warrant for their arrest, but they escaped. Hancock was a member (1775–80, 1785–86) and president (1775–77, 1785–86) of the Continental Congress. His name appears first (and largest) on the Declaration of Independence, and the term "John Hancock" is often used to mean a signature. He was governor of Massachusetts (1780–85, 1787–93).

See biographies by L. Sears (1912, repr. 1972), W. T. Baxter (1945), H. S. Allan (1948), and F. Wagner (1964).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

John Hancock: Patriot in Purple
Herbert S. Allan.
Macmillan, 1948
Origins of the American Revolution
John C. Miller.
Little, Brown, 1943
The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789
Robert Middlekauff.
Oxford University Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Boston Takes the Lead"
Paul Revere's Ride
David Hackett Fischer.
Oxford University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "The Rescue of John Hancock, Sam Adams, a Salmon, and a Trunkl" begins on p. 174
The American States during and after the Revolution, 1775-1789
Allan Nevins.
Macmillan, 1927
Librarian’s tip: "Massachusetts Politics to 1787" begins on p. 210
FREE! The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the Other Side of the American Revolution
James H. Stark.
Jame H. Stark, 1910
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "Boston Mobs and the Commencement of the Revolution"
The Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States of America
.
United States Government Printing Office, 1979
The Declaration of Independence and What It Means Today
Edward Dumbauld.
University of Oklahoma Press, 1950
FREE! Diary of the American Revolution: From Newspapers and Original Documents
Frank Moore.
Charles Scribner, vol.2, 1860
Librarian’s tip: Includes news accounts of John Hancock
Papers
Julian P. Boyd; Lyman H. Butterfield; Mina R. Bryan; Thomas Jefferson.
Princeton University Press, vol.2, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Includes correspondence with John Hancock
More Than His Name on the Line: By the Time John Hancock Had Signed the Declaration of Independence, He Had Already Put His Life and Fortune on the Line
Eddlem, Thomas R.
The New American, Vol. 19, No. 18, September 8, 2003
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