Cordell Hull

Cordell Hull (kôrdĕl´), 1871–1955, American statesman, b. Overton co. (now Pickett co.), Tenn. Admitted to the bar in 1891, he sat (1893–97) in the Tennessee legislature and, after service in the Spanish-American War, was appointed (1903) circuit court judge. He served (1907–21, 1923–31) in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he was the author of important tax legislation. He was elected (1930) to the U.S. Senate, but resigned (1933) when Franklin Delano Roosevelt named him Secretary of State. Hull placed great emphasis on international economic relations. Through his efforts, pacts were signed with several nations under the Reciprocal Agreements Act (1934), and he fostered the "good neighbor" policy toward Latin American countries. After World War II broke out in Europe he pushed for aid to the Allies and recommended revision of the Neutrality Act. After U.S. entry into the war, he worked to improve cooperation among the Allies, visiting Moscow in 1943, and backed the establishment of a world organization to maintain peace. Ill health caused his resignation as Secretary of State in 1944. He was awarded the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize.

See his autobiography (1948); biography by J. W. Pratt (2 vol., 1964).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Cordell Hull: A Biography
Harold B. Hinton.
Doubleday, Doran, 1942
Cautious Visionary: Cordell Hull and Trade Reform, 1933-1937
Michael A. Butler.
Kent State University Press, 1998
Addresses and Statements by the Honorable Cordell Hull, Secretary of State of the United States of America: In Connection with His Trip to South America to Attend the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace Held at Buenos Aires, Argentina, December 1-23, 1936
Cordell Hull.
Government Printing Office, 1937
Report of the Delegates of the United States of America to the Seventh International Conference of American States, Montevideo, Uruguay, December 3-26, 1933
Cordell Hull.
U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1934
The President's Cabinet: An Analysis in the Period from Wilson to Eisenhower
Richard F. Fenno.
Harvard University Press, 1959
Librarian’s tip: "Andrew Mellon and Cordell Hull: Case Studies" begins on p. 171
Pearl Harbor Reexamined: Prologue to the Pacific War
Hilary Conroy; Harry Wray.
University of Hawaii Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Cordell Hull and the Diplomacy of Inflexibility"
Roosevelt, from Munich to Pearl Harbor: A Study in the Creation of a Foreign Policy
Basil Rauch.
Creative Age Press, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Cordell Hull in multiple chapters
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