Dizzy Gillespie

Dizzy Gillespie (John Birks Gillespie) (gəlĕs´pē), 1917–93, American jazz musician and composer, b. Cheraw, S.C. He began to play the trumpet at 15 and later studied harmony and theory at Laurinburg Institute, N.C. He played with the bands of Cab Calloway and Billy Eckstine. Gillespie and Charlie "Bird" Parker are considered the leaders of the bop (or bebop) movement in modern jazz. Gillespie's playing was characterized by intelligent musicianship and technical facility.

See his autobiography, To Be or Not to Bop (1979); biographies by M. James (1961), B. McRae (1988), and A. Shipton (1999).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Groovin' High: The Life of Dizzy Gillespie
Alyn Shipton.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Keeping Time: Readings in Jazz History
Robert Walser.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 31 "The Cult of Bebop" by Dizzy Gillespie
Twentieth-Century Brass Soloists
Michael Meckna.
Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Gillespie, John Birks 'Dizzy'" begins on p. 105
Swing to Bop: An Oral History of the Transition in Jazz in the 1940s
Ira Gitler.
Oxford University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Dizzy Gillespie in multiple chapters
What Is This Thing Called Jazz? African American Musicians as Artists, Critics, and Activists
Eric Porter.
University of California Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "'Dizzy Atmosphere': The Challenge of Bebop"
The History of Jazz
Ted Gioia.
Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Dizzy Gillespie begins on p. 209
Jazz: A History
Frank Tirro.
W. W. Norton, 1993 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Modern Jazz: The Bebop Revolution"
"Those White Guys Are Working for Me": Dizzy Gillespie, Jazz, and the Cultural Politics of the Cold War during the Eisenhower Administration
Carletta, David M.
International Social Science Review, Vol. 82, No. 3-4, Fall-Winter 2007
Place and Innovation in Popular Music: The Bebop Revolution in Jazz
Stump, Roger W.
Journal of Cultural Geography, Vol. 18, No. 1, Fall-Winter 1998
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