Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes (James Langston Hughes), 1902–67, American poet and central figure of the Harlem Renaissance, b. Joplin, Mo., grad. Lincoln Univ., 1929. He worked at a variety of jobs and lived in several countries, including Mexico and France, before Vachel Lindsay discovered his poetry in 1925. The publication of The Weary Blues (1926), his first volume of poetry, enabled Hughes to attend Lincoln Univ. in Pennsylvania, from which he graduated in 1929. His writing, which often uses dialect and jazz rhythms, is largely concerned with depicting African American life, particularly the experience of the urban African American. Among his later collections of poetry are Shakespeare in Harlem (1942), One-Way Ticket (1949), and Selected Poems (1959). Hughes's numerous other works include several plays, notably Mulatto (1935); books for children, such as The First Book of Negroes (1952); and novels, including Not Without Laughter (1930). His newspaper sketches about Jesse B. Simple were collected in The Best of Simple (1961).

See his autobiographies, The Big Sea (1940) and I Wonder as I Wander (1956); The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes (1995), ed. by A. Rampersad and D. Roessel; Remember Me to Harlem: The Letters of Langston Hughes and Carl Van Vechten (2001), ed. by E. Bernard; biography by A. Rampersad (2 vol., 1986–88); studies by O. Jemie (1985) and S. C. Tracy (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Langston Hughes: The Harlem Renaissance
Maurice Wallace.
Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2007
The Life of Langston Hughes
Arnold Rampersad.
Oxford University Press, vol.2, 2002 (2nd edition)
A Historical Guide to Langston Hughes
Steven C. Tracy.
Oxford University Press, 2004
Langston Hughes: Folk Dramatist in the Protest Tradition, 1921-1943
Joseph McLaren.
Greenwood Press, 1997
Do Right to Write Right: Langston Hughes's Aesthetics of Simplicity
Ford, Karen Jackson.
Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 38, No. 4, Winter 1992
Jazzing It Up: The Be-Bop Modernism of Langston Hughes
Hokanson, Robert O'Brien.
Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 31, No. 4, December 1998
Socialist Joy in the Writing of Langston Hughes
Jonathan Scott.
University of Missouri Press, 2006
"Lest Harlem Sees Red": Race and Class Themes in the Poetry of Langston Hughes, 1920-1942
Cha-Jua, Sundiata Keita.
Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, Vol. 19, No. 2, July 31, 1995
Reinvention and Globalization in Hughes's Stories
Miller, R. Baxter.
MELUS, Vol. 30, No. 1, Spring 2005
Black American Poets and Dramatists of the Harlem Renaissance
Harold Bloom.
Chelsea House, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Langston Hughes" begins on p. 73
Harlem Renaissance Re-Examined
Victor A. Kramer; Robert A. Russ.
Whitston, 1997 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Langston Hughes: Evolution of the Poetic Persona" begins on p. 259
New Voices on the Harlem Renaissance: Essays on Race, Gender, and Literary Discourse
Australia Tarver; Barnes C. Paula.
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2006
Librarian’s tip: "Rereading Langston Hughes: Rhetorical Pedagogy in 'Theme for English B,' or the Harlem Renaissance in the Composition Classroom" begins on p. 241, and "'By the Pale Dull Pallor of an Old Gas Light': Technology and Vision in Langston Hughes's 'The Weary B
Nationalism, Marxism, and African American Literature between the Wars: A New Pandora's Box
Anthony Dawahare.
University Press of Mississippi, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Langston Hughes's Radical Poetry and the 'End of Race'"
The New Red Negro: The Literary Left and African American Poetry, 1930-1946
James Edward Smethurst.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "'Adventures of a Social Poet': Langston Hughes in the 1930s"
Of Dreams Deferred, Dead or Alive: African Perspectives on African-American Writers
Femi Ojo-Ade.
Greenwood Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Langston Hughes and Africa"
A Bio-Bibliography of Langston Hughes, 1902-1967
Donald C. Dickinson.
Archon Books, 1967
Mule Bone: Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston's Dream Deferred of an African-American Theatre of the Black Word
Manuel, Carme.
African American Review, Vol. 35, No. 1, Spring 2001
The Collected Works of Langston Hughes
Dellita Martin-Ogunsola; Langston Hughes.
University of Missouri Press, vol.16, 2003
Fight for Freedom: The Story of the NAACP
Langston Hughes.
W. W. Norton, 1962
Search for more books and articles on Langston Hughes