Crow Indians

Crow (indigenous people of North America)

Crow, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages) and who call themselves the Absaroka, or bird people. They ranged chiefly in the area of the Yellowstone River and its tributaries and were a hunting tribe typical of the Plains cultural area. Their only crop was tobacco, which they used for pleasure and religious purposes. Until the 18th cent. the Crow lived with the Hidatsa on the upper Missouri River; after a dispute they migrated westward until they reached the Rocky Mts. The Crow developed a highly complex social system. They were enemies of the Sioux and helped the whites in the Sioux wars. Today most Crow live in Montana, near the Little Bighorn, where tourism, ranching, and mineral leases provide tribal income. In 1990 there were over 9,000 Crow in the United States.

See R. H. Lowie, The Crow Indians (1935, repr. 2004); P. Nabokov, Two Leggings: The Making of a Crow Warrior (1967); E. G. Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri (1975).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Myths and Traditions of the Crow Indians
Robert H. Lowie.
University of Nebraska Press, 1993
The Way of the Warrior: Stories of the Crow People
Henry Old Coyote; Barney Old Coyote Jr.; Phenocia Bauerle.
University of Nebraska Press, 2003
From the Heart of the Crow Country: The Crow Indians' Own Stories
Joseph Medicine Crow.
University of Nebraska Press, 2000
From Wilderness to Statehood: A History of Montana, 1805-1900
James McClellan Hamilton; Merrill G. Burlingame; Betty G. Ryan.
Bindfords & Mort, 1957
Librarian’s tip: "The Crow Indians" begins on p. 204
Capitalism on the Frontier: Billings and the Yellowstone Valley in the Nineteenth Century
Carroll Van West.
University of Nebraska Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of the Crow Indians in multiple chapters
The Crow Indians
Robert H. Lowie.
Farrar & Rinehart, 1935
Old Man Coyote (Crow)
Frank B. Linderman; Herbert Morton Stoops.
University of Nebraska Press, 1996
Absaraka (Ab-Sa-Ra-Ka), Home of the Crows
Margaret I. Carrington; Milo Milton Quaife.
R.R.Donnelley, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Absaraka (Ab-Sa-Ra-Ka): Home of the Crows (1950)
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