Sitting Bull

Sitting Bull, c.1831–1890, Native American chief, Sioux leader in the battle of the Little Bighorn. He rose to prominence in the Sioux warfare against the whites and the resistance of the Native Americans under his command to forced settlement on a reservation led to a punitive expedition. In the course of the resistance occurred the Native American victory on the Little Bighorn, where George Armstrong Custer and his men were defeated and killed on June 25, 1876. Sitting Bull and some of his followers escaped to Canada, but returned (1881) on a promise of a pardon and were settled on a reservation. In 1885 he appeared in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, but his championship of the Native American cause was not at an end. He encouraged the Sioux to refuse to sell their lands, and he advocated the Ghost Dance religion. He was killed by Native American police on a charge of resisting arrest. He was buried in North Dakota, but in 1954 his remains were removed to South Dakota.

See J. M. Carroll, ed., The Arrest and Killing of Sitting Bull: A Documentary (1986); biographies by S. Vestal (rev. ed. 1957, repr. 1972), A. B. Adams (1973), and K. B. Smith (1987); N. Philbrick, The Last Stand (2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

I Am Looking to the North for My Life--Sitting Bull, 1876-1881
Joseph Manzione.
University of Utah Press, 1994
The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890
James Mooney.
University of Nebraska Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XIII "The Sioux Outbreak- Sitting Bull and Wounded Knee"
Shapers of the Great Debate on Native Americans--Land, Spirit, and Power: A Biographical Dictionary
Bruce E. Johansen.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Refugees in Their Own Land: Chief Joseph, Oliver O. Howard, Sitting Bull, George Armstrong Custer, Red Cloud, and Standing Bear (Ponca)"
Forgotten Americans: Footnote Figures Who Changed American History
Willard Sterne Randall; Nancy Nahra.
Perseus Books, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Sitting Bull and the Closing Frontier" begins on p. 190
American Indian Leaders: Studies in Diversity
R. David Edmunds.
University of Nebraska Press, 1980
Librarian’s tip: "Sitting Bull" begins on p. 152
The Nebraska Indian Wars Reader, 1865-1877
R. Eli Paul.
University of Nebraska Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The War Club of Sitting Bull the Oglala"
Frontier Regulars the United States Army and the Indian, 1866-1891
Robert M. Utley.
University of Nebraska Press, 1973
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Fourteen "Sitting Bull, 1870-76"
Dressing in Feathers: The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture
S. Elizabeth Bird.
Westview Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "The Narratives of Sitting Bull's Surrender: Bailey, Dix and Mead's Photographic Western"
Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains
Charles A. Eastman.
University of Nebraska Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Sitting Bull begins on p. 107
Moon of Popping Trees
Rex Alan Smith.
University of Nebraska Press, 1981
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Sitting Bull"
Sanctuary: Native Border Crossings and the North American West
Ladow, Beth.
American Review of Canadian Studies, Spring-Summer 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics
Jeffrey D. Schultz; Kerry L. Haynie; Anne M. McCulloch; Andrew L. Aoki.
Oryx Press, vol.2, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Sitting Bull begins on p. 689
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