Jane Addams

Jane Addams, 1860–1935, American social worker, b. Cedarville, Ill., grad. Rockford College, 1881. In 1889, with Ellen Gates Starr, she founded Hull House in Chicago, one of the first social settlements in the United States (see settlement house). Based on the university settlements begun in England by Samuel Barnett, Hull House served as a community center for the neighborhood poor and later as a center for social reform activities. It was important in Chicago civic affairs and had an influence on the settlement movement throughout the country. An active reformer throughout her career, Jane Addams was a leader in the woman's suffrage and pacifist (see pacifism) movements, and was a strong opponent of the Spanish-American War. She was the recipient (jointly with Nicholas Murray Butler) of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. Her books on social questions include The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets (1909), A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil (1912), and Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).

See her autobiographical Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (1930); the selected works in The Jane Addams Reader (ed. by J. B. Elshtain, 2001); biographies by J. W. Linn, her nephew (1935), A. F. Davis (1973), G. Diliberto (1999), and L. W. Knight (2005); studies by D. Levine (1971) and J. B. Elshtain (2001).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Jane Addams and the Dream of American Democracy: A Life
Jean Bethke Elshtain.
Basic Books, 2002
Citizen: Jane Addams and the Struggle for Democracy
Louise W. Knight.
University of Chicago Press, 2005
Jane Addams: A Centennial Reader
Jane Addams.
Macmillan, 1960
FREE! Twenty Years at Hull-House: With Autobiographical Notes
Jane Addams; Norah Hamilton.
Macmillan, 1910
FREE! The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets
Jane Addams.
The Macmillan Company, 1909
FREE! Peace and Bread in Time of War
Jane Addams.
Macmillan, 1922
FREE! A New Conscience and An Ancient Evil
Jane Addams.
Macmillan, 1912
Against the Tide: Women Reformers in American Society
Paul A. Cimbala; Randall M. Miller.
Praeger Publishers, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Jane Addams and the Settlement House Movement" begins on p. 85
Creating the American State: The Moral Reformers and the Modern Administrative World They Made
Richard J. Stillman II.
University of Alabama Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Jane Addams: The Call from the Inner Light for Social Reform"
Maternal Rhetoric in Jane Addams's Twenty Years at Hull-House
Ostman, Heather.
Philological Quarterly, Vol. 85, No. 3-4, Summer-Fall 2006
Jane Addams and the Social Claim
Elshtain, Jean Bethke.
The Public Interest, Fall 2001
Men, Women, and Issues in American History
Howard H. Quint; Milton Cantor.
Dorsey Press, vol.2, 1975
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Variations on the Progressive Theme: Jane Addams, Robert M. La Follette, Theodore Roosevelt"
Women Public Speakers in the United States, 1800-1925: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook
Karlyn Kohrs Campbell.
Greenwood Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Jane Addams (1860-1935), Champion of the Poor, Advocate for Peace, Suffragist" begins on p. 1
Creating a Female Dominion in American Reform, 1890-1935
Robyn Muncy.
Oxford University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Origins of the Dominion: Hull House, 1890-1910"
From the Small Town to the Great Community: The Social Thought of Progressive Intellectuals
Jean B. Quandt.
Rutgers University Press, 1970
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Jane Addams and the Division of Labor"
Meditations on Modern Political Thought: Masculine/Feminine Themes from Luther to Arendt
Jean Bethke Elshtain.
Praeger Publishers, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Self/Other, Citizen/State: G. W. F. Hegel and Jane Addams"
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