Nelson Rockefeller

Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich

Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, 1908–79, U.S. public official, governor of New York (1959–73), Vice President of the United States (1974–77), b. Bar Harbor, Maine; grandson of John D. Rockefeller. A director of Rockefeller Center from 1931 to 1958, he also served in many government posts, including coordinator of the Office of Inter-American Affairs (1940–44), chairman of the International Development Advisory Board (1950–51), and chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Government Organization (1952–58). A Republican, he defeated (1958) W. Averell Harriman for the governorship of New York; Rockefeller was reelected in 1962, 1966, and 1970. As governor he expanded state services in such areas as education, transportation, housing, welfare, and environmental control. He unsuccessfully campaigned for the Republican presidential nomination in 1960, 1964, and 1968. In Dec., 1973, he resigned from the governorship to serve as chairman of the National Commission on Critical Choices for America. In 1974 President Ford nominated him for the vice presidency under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment. Despite some criticism of the political uses to which he put his vast wealth, he was confirmed by Congress. Rockefeller wrote The Future of Federalism (1968), Unity, Freedom and Peace (1968), and Our Environment Can Be Saved (1970). See biography by C. Reich (1996).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

I Never Wanted to Be Vice-President of Anything! An Investigative Biography of Nelson Rockefeller
Michael Kramer; Sam Roberts.
Basic Books, 1976
Missionary Capitalist: Nelson Rockefeller in Venezuela
Darlene Rivas.
University of North Carolina Press, 2002
Memoirs: A Twentieth-Century Journey in Science and Politics
Edward Teller; Judith L. Shoolery.
Perseus Publishing, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 35 "A Few Lessons in Political Affairs, 1955-1960"
The Communications Revolution in Politics
Gerald Benjamin.
Academy of Political Science, 1982
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Nelson Rockefeller begins on p. 65
Turning Right in the Sixties: The Conservative Capture of the GOP
Mary C. Brennan.
University of North Carolina Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Nelson Rockefeller begins on p. 34
Eisenhower's War of Words: Rhetoric and Leadership
Martin J. Medhurst.
Michigan State University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "The 'Failed' Geneva Summit" begins on p. 143
Bridging the Gap between Rich and Poor: American Economic Development Policy toward the Arab East, 1942-1949
Nathan Godfried.
Greenwood Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Nelson Rockefeller begins on p. 38
American Prince, American Pauper: The Contemporary Vice Presidency in Perspective
Marie D. Natoli.
Greenwood Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Post-Watergate Vice-Presidency: Trends and Prospects"
Airwaves: A Collection of Radio Editorials from the Golden Apple
William O'Shaughnessy.
Fordham University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Part I "Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller"
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