Wall Street

Wall Street, narrow street in the lower part of Manhattan island, New York City, extending E from Broadway to the East River. It is the center of one of the greatest financial districts in the world, and by extension the term "Wall St." has come to designate U.S. financial interests. In the district, which extends several blocks N and S of Wall St., are the New York and the American Stock Exchanges as well as commodity exchanges and the homes of numerous commercial and investment banks, and "Wall St." law firms. Facing Wall St., on the west side of Broadway, is Trinity Church (founded 1696). Federal Hall National Memorial (see National Parks and Monuments, table), one block east, was erected on the site of the former Federal Hall, where George Washington was inaugurated in 1789 and where the first Congress met. Wall St. received its name from a stockade, or wall, built in 1653 by Dutch colonists to protect the settled area south of it from assault by the English and by the native population.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Wall Street: A History: From Its Beginnings to the Fall of Enron
Charles R. Geisst.
Oxford University Press, 2004
Wall Street on Trial: A Corrupted State?
Justin O'Brien.
Wiley, 2003
Wall Street People: True Stories of Yesterday's Barons of Finance
Charles D. Ellis; James R. Vertin.
Wiley, vol.2, 2003
Occupy Wall Street: A Protest against a Broken Economic Compact
Dean, Amy.
Harvard International Review, Vol. 33, No. 4, Spring 2012
Struggle and Survival on Wall Street: The Economics of Competition among Securities Firms
John O. Matthews.
Oxford University Press, 1994
The Unseen Wall Street of 1969-1975: And Its Significance for Today
Alec Benn.
Quorum Books, 2000
Bull Run: Wall Street, the Democrats, and the New Politics of Personal Finance
Daniel Gross.
PublicAffairs, 2000
The Crash of 2008: Causes and Lessons to Be Learned
Gwartney, James D.; Connors, Joseph.
Social Education, Vol. 73, No. 2, March 2009
The Sellout: How Three Decodes of Wall Street Greed and Government Mismanagement Destroyed the Global Financial System, the Greatest Trade Ever: The Behind-the-Scenes Story of How John Paulson Defied Wall Street and Made Financial History
Tan, Cliff.
Business Economics, Vol. 45, No. 2, April 2010
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