Ross Perot

Perot, H. Ross

H. Ross Perot (Henry Ross Perot), 1930–, American business executive and political leader, b. Texarkana, Tex., grad. Annapolis, 1953. In 1957 he resigned his commission and became a salesman for IBM. In 1962 he founded Electronic Data Systems (EDS), one of the first computer data service companies. In 1984, he sold EDS to General Motors, but retained an interest in the company. Bitterly critical of General Motors management, he sold his remaining interests in EDS to GM for $700 million (1986). He diversified into real estate, gas, and oil and in 1988 started a new computer service company, Perot Systems.

Perot came to national attention during the Iran hostage crisis (1979), when he funded an operation that rescued two of his employees from an Iranian prison. In 1992, he emerged as an independent candidate for president, expressing serious concern over the national debt. After a departure from the race in July, which alienated much of his support, he returned in October and finished third in the general election with nearly one fifth of the popular vote. He subsequently opposed the ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

In 1995 Perot founded a new national political party, the Reform party, as an alternative to the Democratic and Republican parties. As the party's 1996 presidential candidate, he again finished third in the presidential race, but with a much reduced popular vote. While Perot remained a significant force in the party, during the late 1990s his role was gradually eclipsed by the Reform governor of Minnesota, Jesse Ventura.

See K. Follett, On Wings of Eagles (1983); D. Levin, Irreconcilable Differences: Ross Perot versus General Motors (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Visual Revelations: Graphical Tales of Fate and Deception from Napoleon Bonaparte to Ross Perot
Howard Wainer.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
Quest for the Presidency, 1992
Peter L. Goldman; Thomas M. Defrank; Mark Miller; Andrew Murr; Tom Mathews; Patrick Rogers; Melanie Cooper.
Texas A&M University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 21 "Citizen Perot"
The Unseen Wall Street of 1969-1975: And Its Significance for Today
Alec Benn.
Quorum Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "How and Why Ross Perot Saved The New York Stock Exchange from Possible Collapse"
The Media and Neo-Populism: A Contemporary Comparative Analysis
Gianpietro Mazzoleni; Julianne Stewart; Bruce Horsfield.
Praeger, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Eight "Ross Perot's Outsider Challenge: New and Old Media in American Presidential Campaigns"
Edited for Television: CNN, ABC, and American Presidential Elections
Matthew Robert Kerbel.
Westview Press, 1998 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Playing His Own Game: Perot's Elusive Campaign" begins on p. 179
Amplifying the Giant Sucking Sound: Ross Perot and the Media in the NAFTA Negotiations
Berens, Charlyne.
Newspaper Research Journal, Vol. 20, No. 2, Spring 1999
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Featuring the President as Free Trader: Television News Coverage of U.S. Trade Politics
Rankin, David M.
Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 36, No. 4, December 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Third 1992 Presidential Debate: Channel and Commentary Effects
McKinnon, Lori Melton; Tedesco, John C.; Kaid, Lynda Lee.
Argumentation and Advocacy, Vol. 30, No. 2, Fall 1993
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Encyclopedia of American Parties, Campaigns, and Elections
William C. Binning; Larry E. Esterly; Paul A. Sracic.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Perot, Ross" begins on p. 309
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