Madeleine Albright

Madeleine Albright, 1937–, American government official, b. Prague, Czechoslovakia, as Maria Jana Körbel. Her family emigrated to the United States in 1948, and she attended Wellesley College (B.A., 1959) and Columbia Univ. (M.A., 1968; Ph.D., 1976). A lifelong Democrat, she was chief legislative assistant to Senator Edmund Muskie (1976–78) and served on the staff of the National Security Council and the White House (1978–81). When the Democrats lost the White House, Albright became a professor of international affairs at Georgetown Univ. (1982–93); her Washington, D.C., home was an informal meeting place for prominent Democrats and international leaders. Albright was an adviser to Bill Clinton (1992), and the newly elected president appointed her U.S. ambassador to the United Nations in 1993. A forceful promoter of American interests, she encouraged increased U.S. participation in the United Nations, often in military actions. In 1997, President Clinton named her secretary of state; serving during his second term, she was the first woman to hold the post. Upholding the administration's "assertive multilateralism," Albright was a strong supporter of an expanded NATO and an advocate of an active U.S. foreign policy, including the use of U.S. forces to protect American interests and prevent genocide in foreign countries.

See her memoir, Madam Secretary (2003); biographies by A. Blackman (1998) and M. Dobbs (1999).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Madeleine Albright and the New American Diplomacy
Thomas W. Lippman.
Westview Press, 2000
Interview: The Business of Peace
Albright, Madeleine K.; White, B. Joseph.
Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 35, No. 2, March 2002
American Statesmen: Secretaries of State from John Jay to Colin Powell
Edward S. Mihalkanin.
Greenwood Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "Madeleine Albright (1937-)" begins on p. 34
Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary
Cathal J. Nolan.
Greenwood Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Madeleine Korbel Albright (1937-)" begins on p. 1
At War with Ourselves: Why America Is Squandering Its Chance to Build a Better World
Michael Hirsh.
Oxford University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Madeleine Albright begins on p. 164
The United Nations and Palestine: Partition and Its Aftermath
Bennis, Phyllis.
Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ), Vol. 19, No. 3, Summer 1997
NATO Enlargement: Illusions and Reality
Ted Galen Carpenter; And Barbara Conry.
Cato Institute, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 19 "James Madison vs. Madeleine Albright: The Debate over Collective Security"
Opening NATO's Door: How the Alliance Remade Itself for a New Era
Ronald D. Asmus.
Columbia University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Madeleine's Vision" begins on p. 176
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