Margaret Chase Smith

Margaret Chase Smith, 1897–1995, U.S. senator from Maine (1949–73), b. Skowhegan, Maine. She taught school briefly and then worked (1919–28) on the Skowhegan weekly newspaper. In 1930 she married Clyde Smith, the publisher of the paper, and upon his election as a U.S. representative served in Washington as his secretary, researcher, and office manager. Active in Republican party politics, she was elected after the death of her husband in 1940 to finish his unexpired term, becoming Maine's first congresswoman. She was reelected four times. Noted for her integrity and independence, she was elected U.S. senator in 1948 and reelected in 1954, 1960, and 1966. She was unexpectedly defeated in the 1972 election by her Democratic opponent.

See biography by J. Sherman (2000).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Politics of Conscience: A Biography of Margaret Chase Smith
Patricia Ward Wallace.
Praeger Publishers, 1995
No Place for a Woman: A Life of Senator Margaret Chase Smith
Janann Sherman.
Rutgers University Press, 2000
Women Politicians and the Media
Maria Braden.
University Press of Kentucky, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "A Rose by Any Other Name"
The Home-Front War: World War II and American Society
Kenneth Paul O'Brien; Lynn Hudson Parsons.
Greenwood Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "The Vice Admiral: Margaret Chase Smith and the Investigation of Congested Areas in Wartime"
Women Public Speakers in the United States, 1925-1993: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook
Karlyn Kohrs Campbell.
Greenwood Press, 1994
Changing Differences: Women and the Shaping of American Foreign Policy, 1917-1994
Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones.
Rutgers University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Margaret Chase Smith and the Female Quest for Security"
Climbing the Hill: Gender Conflict in Congress
Karen Foerstel; Herbert N. Foerstel.
Praeger, 1996
Biographical Dictionary of Congressional Women
Karen Foerstel.
Greenwood Press, 1999
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