1975 the Year That Was

Article excerpt

As English Studies in Canada celebrates so years of publishing history, we thought we'd investigate what else happened back in 1975. Here's a look.

World Population:

4,088,224,047

Canadian Incumbents:

QUEEN: Elizabeth n

PRIME MINISTER: Pierre Trudeau

GOVERNOR GENERAL: Jules Leger

PREMIER OF ALBERTA: Peter Lougheed

PREMIER OF BRITISH COLUMBIA: David Barrett, then W.R. Bennett

PREMIER OF MANITOBA: Edward Schreyer

PREMIER OF NEW BRUNSWICK: Richard Hatfield

PREMIER OF NEWFOUNDLAND: Frank Moores

PREMIER of NOVA SCOTIA: Gerald Regan

PREMIER OF ONTARIO: Bill Davis

PREMIER OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND: Alexander B. Campbell

PREMIER OF QUEBEC: Robert Bourassa

PREMIER OF SASKATCHEWAN: Allan Blakeney

U.S. Incumbents:

PRESIDENT: Gerald Ford, the only president never to have been elected to either the Presidency or the Vice Presidency.

VICE PRESIDENT: Nelson Rockefeller

SECRETARY OF STATE: Henry Kissinger

SECRETARY OF DEFENSE: James Schlesinger, then Donald Rumsfeld

Other Important 1975 Events:

Izay Asper acquires Winnipeg television station CKNO, the beginning of what would become a nations media empire.

Rohinton Mistry immigrates to Canada.

The cac broadcasts the Juno Awards live for the first time.

Home videotape systems (the "VCR") is developed in Japan by Sony (Betamax) and Matsushita (VHS).

The Altair 8800 is released in January, sparking the era of the microcomputer. It ships as a mail-order kit for $397 and contains t kilobyte (1K) of memory. Over 2,000 units will be sold by year's end. Bill Gates and Paul Allen license their version of the BASIC programming language to the parent company, MITS (see July 22, November 29).

January

1 International Women's Year begins.

1 Product labeling using the metric system is introduced in Canada.

1 Ingmar Bergman's Version of Mozart's The Magic Flute, entitled Trollflojten, premieres on Swedish television. It will premiere on us. television on 11 November.

5 The Wiz opens on Broadway.

5 The Tasman Bridge in Tasmania, Australia, is struck by the bulk carrier Lake Illawarra, killing twelve people.

6 Wheel Of Fortune, a television game show from the 1950s, redebuts on NBC-TV.

6 Led Zeppelin fans riot before Boston concert, causing $30,000 damage.

7 OPEC agrees to raise crude oil prices by Io%.

7 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to A. R. Ammons.

9 600 employees of the Royal Canadian Mint go on strike.

10 Japanese Soldier Teruo Nakamura surrenders on the Indonesian Island of Morota.

12 The Pittsburgh Steelers defeat the Minnesota Vikings 16-6 to win Super Bowl rx.

13 Petty Bay in the Northwest Territories experiences -51[degrees]C, but the windchill with 50-km winds makes it feel like -92[degrees]C.

14 17-year-old heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped from her home in Shropshire, England, by the Black Panther.

15 Space Mountain opens at Disneyland.

18 The Jeffersons, a spinoff series from All in the Family, premieres on CBS.

29 Martin Scorsese's Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore premieres in New York City (it premiered in Los Angeles on December 9, 1974).

31 Barry Manilow's "Mandy" goes gold.

February

4 Queen Elizabeth it visits Mexico.

4 The first successfully predicted earthquake occurs in Haicheng, Liaoning, China.

9 The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth.

11 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for the leadership of the Conservative Party in the United Kingdom.

18 Sylvia Ostry is appointed Canada's first female Deputy Minister.

21 John Mitchell, H.R. Haldeman and John D. …