Voter turnout plays a crucial role in IS elections, but it has declined, resulting in representatives that are elected by only a fraction of the citizenry of the US. The US has one of the lowest voter turnouts in the world. Increased turnout is beneficial to the US in a number of ways. First, it would eliminate the effects of expensive voter mobilization campaigns, thereby reducing the role of money in campaigns. High turnout rates also produce governments that the reflective of diverse backgrounds and political views by increasing the parity in voting rates across socioeconomic groups. Lastly, increased turnout would reinvigorate politics by pushing the citizenry to become informed about political issues and candidates.
Compulsory voting is the most successful way to dramatically increase voter turnout in the United States. Currently, many citizens feel that the costs o" voting, such as registering to vote, investing time in following politics, and actually turning out to vote, outweighs the benefits of voting. Compulsory voting effectively reverses this phenomenon: the consequences of not voting, even if enforced by something as simple as a $10 fine, outweigh the costs of voting. As a result, voters go to the polls in much greater numbers.
Many efforts have been made by state governments to increase voter turnout by allowing early voting and same-day registration, but it has fallen short of the turn-out produced by compulsory voting. For instance, states that employed both early voting and same-day registration had voter turnouts between 75% and d85% in 2004, while Australia, under compulsory voting, has had an average turnout of 94.5% since its adoption in 1945.
Currently, people of lower socioeconomic status are less likely to vote when compared to people of higher socioeconomic status. Minorities are thus under-represented and representatives have no reason to reflect minority views in public policy. This creates a vicious cycle, where non-voters continue not to vote be cause they do not feel represented, and their government does not reflect their views because they do not vote. Compulsory voting, by increasing turnout across the board, would improve the relative influence of disadvantaged socioeconomic groups, thereby requiring the government to be responsive to their issues.
Compulsory voting would also address a …