Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty

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Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty; U.S. National Research Council, Division on Policy and Global Affairs and Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Gender Difference in Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty; available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N. W. Washington, D.C. 20001; tel. 202-334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242 or at http://www.nap.edu.

Women are still underrepresented in the applicant pool for faculty positions in math, science, and engineering at major research universities, according to this new report from the National Research Council. However, those women who do apply are interviewed and hired at rates equal to or higher than those for men, the report finds. Similarly, women are underrepresented among those considered for tenure, but those who are considered receive tenure at the same or higher rates than men.

The report examines how women at research-intensive universities fare compared with men at key transition points in their careers. Two national surveys were commissioned to help address the issue. The report's conclusions are based on the findings of these surveys of tenure-track and tenured faculty in six disciplines--biology, chemistry, mathematics, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and physics--at 89 institutions in 2004 and 2005. …