Preface

Article excerpt

The separation of powers is a fundamental part of the structure of our Constitution. The Framers wisely developed a system whereby the power to enact laws was vested in Congress, the power to execute those laws and safeguard our country was vested in the President, and the power to interpret the laws was vested in the judiciary. This issue includes Essays on the Separation of Powers in American Constitutionalism from the Twenty-Eighth Annual Federalist Society National Student Symposium.

The principle of separation of powers has sparked numerous debates throughout our history. Mr. Seth Barrett Tillman reconsiders one of the most puzzling debates--what Alexander Hamilton meant by "displacing" federal officers in Federalist No. 77. After conducting a thorough and meticulous review of contemporaneous sources, including letters, congressional debates, and dictionaries, Tillman concludes that Hamilton meant "replace" and not "remove." Professor Jeremy Bailey responds to this argument, claiming that Hamilton meant "remove" at the time he wrote Federalist No. 77, and that he continued to hold this view after the ratification of the Constitution.

Mr. Clark Neily and Mr. Robert Levy comment on District of Columbia v. Heller, the first Supreme Court case in seventy years to address the Second Amendment. Drawing on their experience as co-counsel for the plaintiffs, Neily and Levy separately address several important questions that the Court in Heller left unanswered, such as whether the Second Amendment applies to the states and what gun regulations are now permissible.

We are also pleased to publish a number of Articles on timely topics. Judge Douglas Ginsburg advocates for consistency and coherence in judicial decision making, using the influence of economic analysis in antitrust law and of historical originalism in constitutional law as methodologies to promote this end. …