An Evaluation of the Problems of Solid Wastes at Elementary Schools Depending on the Views of School Administrators

Article excerpt

Introduction

Having been in relation with the environment since the day he started to existed, human being has been producing thousands of tons of wastes every day. The production of harmful wastes, which is likely to be one of the features making him different from others, is one of the leading troublesome effects he has on nature. As well as almost everything turns into our environment in a harmful way, such a case results in a rapid reduction in natural sources we use.

Solid wastes leading to pollution and appearing as one of the most crucial problems in the world of 21st century include any material becoming a useless object as a result of social and economical human activities and baring no fluid material and constitute a considerable pressure on the environment (Oktar 1992). Unless solid wastes are eliminated in secure and suitable way, they lead to pollution at underground and surface water, production of insects, emission of bad smell, noise pollution and spread of carrier germs through various animals (Aydin and Kara 2003).

The right to live in a healthy environment was warranted in the Constitution of 1982 with an acceptance in the article 56 stating "Everybody has the fight to live in a healthy and balanced environment and improving the environment, protecting the health of environment and preventing the pollution of the environment is the duty of both the state and individual" (Karaman Kepenekci 2008). On the other hand, the Environment Code of No 2872 enacted on 11th August, 1983, regarded as a frame law, regulates the principles and rules for the protection of the environment, defines the authoritative departments and institutions, determines the processes of application and lies the responsibilities of the authorities and the fines for those violating the rules within the principle of "the one pollutes pays the fine".

Solid wastes can be classified in a few categories: one of them is harmful-dangerous wastes and harmless wastes. While acid, lead, arsenic components, reactive wastes tend to self react that are likely to be harmful and dangerous as a result of interaction with a burning-inflammable, poisoning, destroying material, agricultural chemicals, cadmium components and radioactive materials are regarded as harmful, kitchen and food wastes and remains, wastes of cardboard, paper, ash, metal, glass, plastic, construction wastes and other synthetic materials are classified as harmless wastes (Palabiyik 2001). Such recycling materials as glass, metal, plastic and paper-cardboard could be turned into raw material or a product through a series of physical and chemical processes (Ozturk 2004).

The longer the period solid wastes stay in nature is, the more the harm it gives to nature increases. They cause the pollution of water and soil and living things in water suffer from them. As an example, some plastics could stay in soil more than 700 years without dissolving. A ton of recycled white paper would prevent at least 16 pine trees from cutting down and when a ton of used printed paper is recycled, at least 8 pine trees would be saved (The Government Accounting Bureau 2007).

Solid wastes administration could be classified in five parts: production, storing, collection, transporting and eliminating. Glass and bottle, paper-cardboard, plastic, metal, textile, wood and cells are the solid materials to be recycled at elementary schools.

a) Glass: Pieces of broken glass are highly suitable materials for recycling in glass industry. It is easy for mostly clean collected glass to bring into businesses. Pieces of glass operated in businesses, broken window glass, car glass, mirror or other types of glass can be recycled for our use (Inan 1997).

b) Paper Based Materials: A rapid increase at the population of the country, improvement at living conditions, urbanization and the increase at the amount of literacy and development of printing led to an increase at the consumption of paper as well. …