Effect of Video on the Teaching of Library Studies among Undergraduates in Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo

Article excerpt

Introduction

Teaching makes acquisition of knowledge and skills possible through systematic interaction between teachers and learners. It happens everyday and involves teacher, learner, methodology and materials interaction. Part of these materials are known as instructional resources.

The use of instructional materials in teaching process provide the basis for improved teaching and learning of a subject. They are designed, produced and use to achieve specific instructional goal. Ayinde (1997) opined that an intelligent use of audio-visual aids will save time and stimulate students' interest. It increase the retention of knowledge and stimulate understanding and attitude. They help students to recognize a problem. Provide solution and summarize discussion. Moreso, they facilitate independent study, aid communication, create a variety of sensory and makes instruction more powerful and immediate.

Alaku (1998) stated that teachers' effectiveness depends on his use of appropriate instructional strategies and audiovisual aids. Appropriate instructional strategies portray good teaching techniques and successful learning. They assist students to enjoy and understand lessons easily especially when they are attached with appropriate methodology.

Video is a very important example of instructional materials. Oguntuase (2008) defined it as a record on any medium through which a moving image may by any means be produced. They are derivative works which are usually based on original literacy, dramatic, musical and artistic works.

Teachers are now expected to make use of video for mass media teaching or learning. A good instrument towards achieving this is television which possess seeing and hearing qualities that makes more effective teaching and learning. According to Alaku (1998) video play vital role in teaching and learning. When used effectively, it stimulates interest among the pupils and induces longer retention of factual ideas as the children come into contact with what is being taught.

Kindler (2006) as quoted by Fakunle (2008) declared that people generally remember 10% of what they read, 20% of what they hear, 30% of what they see, 50% of what they hear and see, 70% of what they say and 90% of what they say as they do a thing. Also, National Teacher Institute (2006) stated that Chinese concluded that: I hear; I forget, I see; I remember, I do; I understand. Hence from the illustration above, since video has to do with hearing and seeing it could be suggested that it is a vital tool of learning and teaching.

However, for video to be effective, it must be available, easy to use, well maintained, adequately funded and experts must be available. It is alarming to note that virtually all lecturers or teacher do not make use of instructional materials to deliver lectures. It is in light of this, that this study investigated the effect of video in teaching undergraduates in a college of education.

Objective of the Study

* The objective of this study was to determine the effect of video on teaching undergraduates a course (Library Instruction Programme, LIB001) in a college of education.

Statement of the Problem

Video is no doubt a viable tool towards effective learning and teaching. It helps to boost assimilation through good learning techniques and creation of variety of sensory. However, these sterling qualities are being hampered by non availability, user incompetence, poor funding, poor maintenance, etc. Also in the long run, this may affect the students' assimilation rate and consequently lead to average or poor performance in examinations.

Based on this study investigated the effect of use of video for teaching among undergraduates in a college of education.

Significance of the Study

Planning and development of teaching is the first significance of this study. Fatunmbi (2005) discovered that, there is improvement in teaching process through the use of video. …