Rajender R. Aparasu. Research Methods for Pharmaceutical Practice and Policy. Gurnee IL: Pharmaceutical Press; 2011. 192 pp, $57.50 (paperback) ISBN 9780853698807.
Performing research in the area of pharmacy practice and policy can be a complicated process. The nuances of identifying and developing the research question, designing the research method, and conducting the research can be complex. The collection and analysis of the data and the interpretation of the results can benefit from a well-designed study.
The editor has assembled a book that will take the reader through the steps of research from the conception of the research question through possible journals for submission. Also included are 2 appendices: one with possible funding sources for research and the other with a list of journals for publications. The book provides a good overview of the theoretical research process but it does lack examples in many of the areas to make it a useful, standalone textbook. Although a multitude of authors are used for various chapters, the course of the book is relatively seamless.
Each chapter begins with learning objectives and ends with review questions to emphasize the main points. The chapters are arranged in the stepwise order of performing research. The first 3 chapters focus on the philosophy of research and how to approach it in a scientific manner. The chapters provide an introduction to the ideas of concepts, constructs, and theoretical models applied in healthcare utilization and outcomes and relate them to variables used in pharmaceutical practice and policy.
Chapter 4 reviews and discusses the nature, level, and issues of measurements, including an overview of both internal and external reliability and validity. Chapters 5-7 provide a logical approach to experimental design and sampling methods. Chapter 8 explains the systematic review of literature and how to assess the quality of systematic reviews.
Chapters 9 and 10 provide a review of qualitative and quantitative data collection methods and survey design. The chapters review the strengths and weaknesses of different types of survey designs and evaluate the common scales used with different types of survey designs. …