Academic journal article
By DeMoulin, Donald F.
Journal of Instructional Psychology , Vol. 29, No. 3
The study shows that many boys and girls in our high schools are not involved in any extra-curricular activities. This is clearly a failure of accountability in that personal development during adolescent years is dependent upon involvement in such activities, and effective learning derives largely form good personal development.
Examining the Extra-curricular activities of 384 typical high school students. There were 182 females ranging in age form 16 to 18 years with a mean age of 16.40, and a standard deviation of 0.64 years. There were 202 male ranging in age form 16 to 19 years with a mean age of 16.58 years and a standard deviation of 0.75 years.
The extra-curricular activities included three general types of usual high school activities, but included JROTC, and other types of activities as well. They were grouped into three separate categories:
1. Athletics/Music Activities: band, orchestra, chorus, Glee Club, Baseball, Soccer, Football, Basketball, and Others.
2. Service Organizations: Debating, Chess, and Others.
3. Class Officers and JROTC:President, Secretary, Treasure, etc.
Inter Correlations of Data
A Pearson r was computed between the various data as depicted in Table 1 below. All correlations that are statistically significant at the 01 level of confidence are marked with an asterisk (*).
1. Males tended to be significantly older than the females.
2. Males tended to be significantly more involved in Athletics/Music than females.
3. Athletics/Music tended display greatest involvement of the three activities.
4. Females tended to have greater involvement in Service Organizations than males.
5. Females tended to be more involved in Leadership than Service Organizations.
Comparing Exracurricular Involvements by Gender
The data contained in Table 2 displays a comparison of extracurricular involvements by Gender; using a t-statistic between means.
1. There were 47 of the 202 male students with no extracurricular involvements.
2. There were 39 of the 182 female students with no extracurricular involvements. …