Lindell, Pamela N. 2000 The Longhouse and the Legacy of History: Religion, Architecture, and Change among the Bisingai of Sarawak. PhD dissertation, Univiersity of Nevada, Reno.
This dissertation is an anthropological study of the Bisingai, a subgroup of the Bidayuh ethnic group, of Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. The purpose of my dissertation is to examine the role of the built environment in sociocultural change among the Bisingai by 1) demonstrating how the uses and meanings of built forms changed in response to social and cultural transformations and 2) analyzing how the Bisingai now use and transform the built environment, as well as other aspects of so-called "tradition," in the representation, maintenance and revival of their cultural identity. A chapter on Bisingai culture as it is thought to have existed prior to mass conversion to Christianity provides the cultural context in which to view later sociocultural changes and transformations in the built environment.
Prior to Christian proselytization, the Bisingai lived in eight villages on the slopes of Mount Singai. …