Do Alcohol Consumption Patterns Effect Bone Mineral Density in Division I Intercollegiate Athletes: A Pilot Study. (Sports Medicine)

Article excerpt

International orthopedic groups have declared 2000-20 10 the Bone and Joint Decade in the medical community. An area of bone health of particular relevance to athletics is the cause and prevention of osteoporosis. College athletes are at risk for significant injury if bone mineral density values are less than optimal. Although it is well documented that exercise--particularly weight bearing exercise--has a positive effect on bone mineral density, it is unclear whether alcohol consumption influences bone mineral density in physically active individuals. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the amount of alcohol and the alcohol preference impacts bone mineral density in intercollegiate athletes. Specifically, this research will determine if a relationship exists between alcohol consumption patterns and bone mineral density (Ward's Triangle and Lumbar Spine) in intercollegiate athletes and determine if there is a relationship between the type of alcohol consumed by the intercollegiate athlete and bone mineral density at Ward's Triangle and in the lumbar spine. Descriptive statistics are provided for each measurement. Following consent, the procedure--as approved by the Kent State University Institutional Review Board--consisted of the student completing an anonymous survey regarding drinking patterns, a urine preguancy test (if a woman), and a physician ordered dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan. …