Psychiatric Music Therapy in the Community: The Legacy of FlorenceTyson/La Musicothérapie Psychiatrique Communautaire: L'héritage De Florence Tyson

Article excerpt

Psychiatric Music Therapy in the Community: The legacy of FlorenceTyson. La musicothérapie psychiatrique communautaire: L'héritage de Florence Tyson Michael G. McGuire,Editor Barcelona Publishers, ISBN: 1-891278-15-0 398 pages

4 White Brook Road, Gilsum, NH, 03448 United States

Website: www.barcelonapublishers.com

Reviewed / revisé par Nadine Elizabeth Cadesky

ABSTRACT

Psychiatric Music Therapy in the Community: The Legacy of Florence Tyson chronicles the life work of Florence Tyson, a remarkable music therapist in the U.S., who pioneered, and did ground-breaking clinical work in community-based psychiatric music therapy. This book serves as both a historical document and currently relevant resource. It includes many of Tyson's published and unpublished writings, presentations, and interviews, along with commentaries and essays by key colleagues, friends, and 'patient-members' ('Patient-member' is one of the terms Tyson and the book's editor, Michael McGuire used to refer to individuals who attended her center for therapy. Patients were valuable members of the center's community).

EXTRAIT

Une critique du livre "La musicothérapie psychiatrique communautaire: L'héritage de Florence Tyson » édité par Michael G. McGuire, professeur et directeur du programme de musicothérapie à l'université « Eastern Michigan State University ». Cette anthologie fait la chronique de la vie et du travail de Florence Tyson, pionnière remarquable dans le domaine de la musicothérapie psyciatrique communautaire. McGuire rassemble dans un même volume les travaux principaux publiés et non publiés de Tyson, ses présentations et interviews ainsi que ses commentaires et essais rédigés par ses collègues, amis et clients. Cet important ouvrage est pertinent tant sur le plan historique que sur le plan actuel.

Editor Michael McGuire, was Tyson's friend and colleague for 25 years, and had great respect for her, calling her an "astonishing woman...an accomplished musician and printmaker, an extremely sensitive therapist, an advocate for justice and equal rights, and a person with a powerful intellect (p. 354). I find it noteworthy that McGuire is donating the proceeds of the book to a research award in her name: The Florence Tyson Fund to Study Psychotherapy at the American Music Therapy Association.

McGuire organized the writings in this anthology into seven parts based on subject matter, which meant, for instance, separating Tyson's 1981 Psychiatric Music Therapy, and placing particular chapters into different areas of the anthology. The overall sequencing and organization of parts make sense, though the material in chapter 2 and section 3 seemed easier to follow on a second read.

Part one: The Music Therapy Relationship outlines Tyson's clinical approach, and the results of a study of 50 of her long term 'patient-members', and their conscious and unconscious motivations for seeking and engaging in music therapy. The case examples bring the material to life, and both theory and clinical material prove informative. Part one prepares the reader for the extensive case material presented in Part two.

Part two shows the range and depth of Tyson's work, and includes an excerpt written by one of Tyson's long-term patient members, who also co-presented with Tyson, and fundraised for the center. In reading part two, the reviewer saw and felt the struggles and perspectives of clients, and the depth and complexity of therapeutic processes, Tyson's clinical expertise and therapeutic use of self. It was a fascinating experience to really sit with how Tyson classified her work and why, and how I might classify it both in terms of depth and breadth.

Part three introduces Tyson's work related to the Creative Arts Rehabilitation Center, the community center founded by Tyson. It includes writings associated with the creation, administration and clinical approach of the center, and the essay on the integrity of the center, by Joan Winer Brown. …