Chronology: Afghanistan/Algeria/Bahrain/Egypt/Iran/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Lebanon/Libya/Morocco/Oman/Pakistan/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Sudan/Syria/Tunisia/Turkey/United Arab Emirates/Yemen

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See also Pakistan

Apr. 18: Twenty-three people were killed and 31 wounded when a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a mosque in the southwestern city of Zaranj. Governor Ghulam Dastagir Azad said that he suspected police officials to have been the bomber's target, although the majority of those killed were civilians. The attack followed an explosion in Kandahar that killed two US marines and wounded another two. [NYT, 4/18]

Apr. 22: The Ministry of Information and Culture in Afghanistan issued an order eliminating all television programming considered to "undermine Afghan culture" by being "un-Islamic," causing the stations to lose a substantial amount of viewers and advertising revenue. Culture Minister Abdulkarim Khorram supported the order, stating that such programs "damaged the ethics and moral well-being of families." [RFE, 4/22]

Apr. 28: Three people were killed and 11 were injured during a failed assassination attempt on President Hamid Karzai at the Afghan National Day military parade in Kabul. The Taliban claimed responsibility, stating that it had intended to interrupt the ceremony and demonstrate their ability to attack the capital. Among the dead were a tribal leader, a ten-year-old boy, and a member of Parliament. [NYT, 4/28]

Apr. 29: A $100 million dollar contract was signed to create a 100-kilometer highway between Afghan and Pakistani border areas. The US Agency for International Development (USAID) funded the project in an effort to spur economic growth, enhance security, and eliminate pockets of isolation by reducing travel time between Kabul and Khost by four hours. [RFE, 4/29]

May 5: Two Afghan government workers were arrested in connection with the failed assassination attempt on President Karzai. Although the Taliban had claimed responsibility for the attacks, Afghan intelligence chief Amrullah Saleh maintained that it was Pakistani al-Qa'ida militants who orchestrated the assassination attempt. [RFE, 5/5]

May 8: Tribal and governmental leaders met in Kabul, along with several members of civil society groups, to discuss future strategies for bringing peace and political stability to Afghanistan. The group agreed to meet with members of the Taliban and Hezb-e-Islami to attempt to facilitate a peace agreement between these forces and the Afghan government. The leaders called on other Islamic countries to help bolster security and establish peace in Afghanistan. [BBC, 5/9]

May 12: The UN High Commissioner for Refugees announced the temporary closure of its repatriation center in eastern Afghanistan due to the worsening of the region's security situation. The UN stressed that the closure was only temporary. [BBC, 5/12]

May 22: In Ghor province, two civilians and one NATO soldier were killed during a violent clash at a demonstration against a US soldier's shooting of the Qur'an in Iraq. The protest was attended by over 1,000 people and turned violent when the group tried to storm a NATO base, precipitating gunfire from Afghan police. President Bush previously had issued an apology for the soldier's actions. [BBC, 5/22]

May 29: Thirty Taliban members were killed in a NATO airstrike on a compound in southwestern Afghanistan. The attack followed a period of Taliban raids and suicide attacks in both Afghanistan's western Farah province and in the capital city of Kabul. One policeman also was killed in the strike. [Al-Jazeera, 5/29]

June 11: Four civilians, including one child, were killed in a US-led air attack in the Paktia province of Afghanistan. The deaths occurred while US-led forces were targeting two militant Afghan leaders suspected of coordinating attacks against US and Afghan government forces. [Al-Jazeera, 6/11]

June 12: Donors from around the world pledged roughly $20 billion in aid to Afghanistan in Paris, with the United States pledging $10.2 billion. Donors emphasized that they wanted to see a concerted effort on the part of the Afghan government to curb corruption and coordinate relief efforts. …