The Function of Spa for Propelling North-East Asia Tourism: A Case Study on Liaoning Province of China/FONCTION DE L'ETABLISSEMENT THERMAL POUR LA « PROMOTION DU NORD -TOURISME DE L'ASIE EST »: ETUDE DE CAS DE LA PROVINCE DU LIAONING

Article excerpt

Abstract:

In the field of Propelling North-East Asia Tourism, spa can play a very important role because of its special function on human physical body and spirit of soul. Author selects spas of China Liaoning as case object in this paper, originally sorts out the available datum on spa situation combining some field investigation. Furthermore under the reference on Korea and Japan spa evolvement, mutual spa visiting, regulation & deregulation, undeveloped & over developed, and sanitary management such as Legionella Pneumophila contamination on spa were discussed as to the development of Liaoning for Propelling North-East Asia Tourism.

Key words: Spa; North-East Asia Tourism, Regulation, Sanitary management

Résumé: Dans le domaine de la « Promotion du Nord - tourisme de l'Asie est», l'établissement thermal peut jouer un rôle très important grâce à sa fonction spéciale sur la santé physique et spirituelle de l'homme. L'auteur choisit l'établissement thermal du Liaoning de Chine comme objet d'étude dans cet article, tire des données disponibles sur l'établissement thermal en combinant des domaines de recherches. De plus, avec la référence à l'évolution de l'établissement thermal de la Corée et du Japon, la visite mutuelle des établissements thermaux, la régulation&dérégulation, sous-développé&sur-développé, et le management sanitaire tel que la contamination de Legionella Pneumophila dans l'établissement thermal ont été discutés pour pousser le développement de la province du Liaoning dans la « Promotion du Nord - Tourisme de l'Asie est ».

Mots-Clés: établissement thermal, Nord - Tourisme de l'Asie est, régulation, management sanitaire

1. SPA & NORTH-EAST ASIA TOURISM

It is the nearness in location that China - Korea - Japan and other nations of North-East should develop tourism together. But it is true that the higher income of Japan-Korea and the lower economical level of China obstruct this kind of cooperation. Yes it is very difficult to change tius situation, but some things exist which can improve at least the psychological level for North-East Asian tourism communication, that is spa tourism.

Since human come into being, cloths mark the differences of people social location step by step, it is also can be felt in tourism destination area through the wearing and buying souvenir. But you can find out nothing in hot spring pool except bathing and hot atmosphere, author want to say that spa tourism may let all tourism people feel equality no matter what color your skin is and how about your income is, equality is one of the basis of Propelling North-East Asian Tourism.

It is not Qnly equality atmosphere; spa but also can supply relaxing - healthy-care and naked feeling, furthermore there is no special demands on visitor strong body compared to surfing. Spa tourism is more and more popular for Chinese people, and little foreigners have involved in it, it will be a new field or a branch of inbound tourists when they have know some culture of China metropolitans and famous mount, and they want more other.

2. THE SPA SITUATION OF LIAONING

It is said there is 27(Wang Jiyang, 1996) - or 36(Huang Shangyao) or 42 spas(Liu Guohai & Zhongguiqing, 1994) in Liaoning Province * Because whole field investigation has not done yet by government since 1978, and China don't carry applying institution on spa developing to a unified organization, the number of spa in Liaoning can not be checked now although some official announced with journalist interview that it is 55 spas in Liaoning in 2003, but no spa name list can be found. Here author try to list them.

According Tab1 we know that there are 37 spa in Liaoning. Among them 3 kinds can be divided that are 1old spas which started in Anti-Japanese War in 1940s or more earlier, and were reconstructed with convalescent function after 1949; 2new spas which were developed for tourism since 1978 when China carried "Open-Door'Tolicy; 3 undeveloped spas which are some far from metropolitan, that are equal to ones in Tab1 which were described in only name and temperature(Graph 1). …