An Application of the AHP in Cultural Heritage Conservation Strategy for China1/APPLICATION DE L'AHP A LA STRATEGIE DE CONSERVATION DE L'HERITAGE CULTUREL DE LA CHINE

Article excerpt

Abstract:

How to establish a comprehensive conservation strategy for China's cultural heritage conservation has not yet been paid attention. Nowadays cultural heritage conservation involves more and more factors and gradually turns into a complex multi-criteria decision problem, which brings many difficulties to strategy-making. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) can be very useful in reaching a likely result which can satisfy the decision makers. With the help of the foundation funded by the Ministry of Education and the State Archives Administration of China, this paper is intended to investigate the feasibility of applying the AHP in cultural heritage conservation to improve the decision making with a more systematic and logical approach. First, the important criteria and alternatives for cultural heritage conservation were identified. These criteria and alternatives were used to formulate an AHP-based model to represent the strategy making aspects. Then the AHP-based model was analyzed, and finally some conclusions were obtained, such as · «restoration technology is emergent · ·, · «technological application is important« ,· etc.

Key words: cultural heritage, conservation strategy, AHP

Résumé: Comment établir une stratégie globale de conservation pour l'héritage culturel chinois n'a pas fait l'objet d'une grande attention. Aujourd'hui, la conservation de l'héritage culturel comprend de plus en plus de facteurs et devient progressivement un problème de décision complexe à multi-critères qui entraîne beaucoup de difficultés pour la prise de stratégie. Le Processus de la hiérarchie analytique (Analytic Hierarchy Process/???) est très utile pour chercher un résultat qui pourrait satisfaire ceux qui prennent la décision. Avec l'aide de la fondation financée par le ministère de l'Education et l'Administration nationale des archives de la Chine, cet article essaie d'étudier la feasibilité d'appliquer G??? à la conservation de l'héritage culturel de sorte à faciliter la prise de décision avec une approche plus systématique et logique. Tout d'abord, les critères et alternatives importants pour la conservation de l'héritage culturel étaient identifiés. Ils étaient utilisés pour formuler un modèle basé sur G AHP dans le but de représenter les aspects de la prise de stratégie. Ensuite, ce modèle était analysé, et finalement on obtenait des conclusions, comme « la restauration technologique est émergente », « l'application de la technologie est importante » etc.

Mots-Clés: héritage culturel, stratégie de la conservation, AHP

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1. INTRODUCTION

China's cultural heritage, whether immovable or movable, is rooted in one of the world's oldest cultures and of very great importance to comprehend Chineses history as well as the daily life of contemporary China. The latest official statistics by State Administration of Cultural Heritage shows that there are nearly 400,000 immovable cultural heritage objects and about 12,000,000 movable cultural heritage objects, which represents China's abundant cultural heritage collections.

The accumulation of cultural heritage objects certainly leads to some conservation and restoration problems. The longer these objects stored, the more problems involved. The conservation and restoration organized by the government dated back to Zhou dynasty* *1100 B.C.- 256 B.C.* *and gradually formed the tradition of technological treatments. However, the application of conservation and restoration technology is not omnipotent in terms of conservation. Modern practice proves that other factors such as policies and laws now also function in protecting these cultural heritage collections. How to comprehensively evaluate the most influential factors and to accordingly form a comprehensive strategy so as to guide the conservation practice has not yet established till now in China, while its counterparts like the European countries and Autralia have already taken actions. …