The restriction of Intellectual property rights, as an important principle and system in the Intellectual property law, has its own existence of the reasonable economic basis. This thesis begins with the definition of intellectual asset rights, reveals that the intellectual asset has the double properties of private products and public products, and demonstrates the rationality of moderate private right protection. And then it revises the economic senses in the intellectual property system using the method of economic analysis, and analyzes the important role which intrinsic balance mechanism and exterior restriction mechanism play, to guarantee information resource configured liquidly and carried on effectively.
Key words: Law-economics, Restriction of intellectual property rights, Pareto criterion
Résumé: En tant que le principe et l'institution importants du droit de propriété intellectuelle, la restriction du droit de propriété intellectuelle existe sur la base rationnelle de la science économique. Je commence dans cette thèse par la délimitation du droit de propriété intellectuelle afin de découvrir sa double caractéristique: produit privé et produit public, et d'argumenter la rationalité de le protéger mesurément comme le droit privé. Et ensuite, j'étudie la raison économique de l'institution du droit de propriété intellectuelle, au moyen d'analyse économique, et j'explique l'importance de son mécanisme équilibré à l'intérieur et son mécanisme restreint à l'extérieur pour assurer la distribution facile et la fonction effective des resources informatiques.
Mots-Clés: droit-économie, restriction du droit de propriété intellectuelle, critère de PARETO
There are many important economic meanings behind law, no matter whether the legislators realize the meaning consciously or not, law-economics or so called economic analysis law came about and owned more and more people's attentions after experiencing certain developing periods. As for what the law-economics is, so far there does not only exist a definition that is widely accepted by the public, but also by very famous scholars such as Richard · A · Posner, Robert · Kart and Thomas · Youln who have not given a definition to the law-economics. 2 Although law-economics has both extensive meaning and profound content, the substance of law-economics_still emphasizes the society's interest and benefit related to legal system, which researches and studies for this subject are conducted from the economic position. It advocates that law should minimize the social cost in the rights' definition. That is, it requires law should choose a kind of right configuration and implementation procedure which have a lower cost. It provides us a way to know and evaluate the intellectual property rights system according to the principle of efficiency. The author uses the method of economic analysis to revise whether the intellectual property system contains the reasonable economic senses and to analyze the important role which intrinsic balance mechanism and exterior limit mechanism plays for guarantying information resource configured liquidly and carried on effectively.
2. PROPERTY RIGHT DEFINITION OF KNOWLEDGE ASSETS
The definition of "The Intellectual Property Rights" was brought in from aboard when China joined in the World Property Right Organization at the end of 70 's in 19th century. Intellectual Property has two meanings at least. One is knowledge product or knowledge asset, the essential factor of product or the valuable goods which is so called knowledge property. The other is intellectual property rights itself. Property is defined based on knowledge produce, a kind of intangible asset, and derived from the economist's classification of public product and personal product, thus it is necessary to begin with this classification.
2.1 Personal Product and Public Product
The economists classify personal product and public product is based on whether the expense or the use of product that has exclusiveness. …