Exploitation and Sustainable Development of Tourism Geological Resources in Liaoning Province of China1/ETUDE DE L'EXPLOITATION ET DU DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE DES RESSOURCES GEOLOGIQUES TOURISTIQUES DE LA PROVINCE DU LIAONING DE CHINE

Article excerpt

Abstract:

As one kind of theory concept, the sustainable development contains the extremely rich thought connotation. Its thought has risen to the present ethics view; therefore it may seep into the human consciousness and the ideas, and can instruct the people to think and the implement motions. The article has mainly discussed the tourism geology resources concept and characteristics. Additionally, the paper considers the existing problems and proposes the countermeasures of the exploitation and sustainable development of the tourism geology resources in Liaoning, China.

Key words: tourism geology resources, sustainable development, countermeasures of exploitation

Résumé: Comme un concept théorique, le développement durable englobe des connotations extrêmement riches. Ce concept a été érigé au niveau éthique de sorte qu'il pénètre la conscience et l'idéal des hommes et peut apprendre les gens à penser et à agir. Cet article examine principalement le concept de ressources géologiques touristiques et ses caractéristiques. D'ailleurs, il étudie les problèmes existants et propose des contre-mesures en ce qui concerne l'exploitaton et le développement durable des ressources géologiques touristiques de la province du Liaoning de Chine.

Mots-Clés: ressources géologiques touristiques, développement durable, contre-mesures de l'exploitaton

1. THE CONNOTATION OF THE TOURISM GEOLOGY RESOURCES

Concerning the connotation of tourism geology resources o, different scholars have different understandings. For example, one connotation of it is defined by "China tourism geology resources diagram manual" as 'the geology historic relics with tourism values with and mankind's movable historic relics directly related to the geology bodies'. For another instance, Feng Tiansi generalizes the geological tourism resources as 'the natural resources come from the geology function can be called the geology tourism resources' in "The Chinese geology tourism resources".

Combining the concept of the tourism resources in "China travel the resources census outline" and from the angle of tourism, this paper thinks the tourism geology resources should be those geological things and phenomena that can draw on tourists' motives ,be used by tourism industry and produce the economic, social and the environment effects. They include the geology historic relics, geological bodies, historic relic of mankind's movements and geology phenomenon, which have something to do with the geology function.

Chen Anze from China tourism and the ground study committee points out that the geology historic relics are the viewable and readable natural records during the process of earth evolvement and the typical natural databases providing the interaction among the lithosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and ionosphere and the samples of earth crust evolvement, the flood and field changes and living creature evolution. They belong to natural inheritance and are a kind of special natural resources. They have the characteristics of research, education, spread of science and technology, living creature environment, history and culture. (Chen Anze & Lu Yunting, "The Tour Ground Studies General Outline", the University of Peking publisher, 1991). The concept of the geology historic relic separates the broad sense and narrow sense. The geology historic relic of the broad sense is to point the geology view and geology phenomenon. The geology view means in the geology history the period, the formation of historic life relic and geological construction relic reserved in rocks under the function of inside and outside geological strengthens. The geology historic relic of the narrow sense means the ammonite thing fossil habitat, ancient glacier historic relic, the geology disaster rains and historic relic and the geology structure section etc.

2. CHARACTERISTICS OF TOURISM GEOLOGY RESOURCES

Tourism geology resources are the material resources parts in the tourism resources because they are closely related with geology functions and the geology bodies. …