Fatherhood as a Personality Development Factor in Men

Article excerpt

The article represents an empirical study of paternity as a male personality development factor in men. Consensus is emerging that responsible fatherhood entitles the father to establish paternity, be present in the child's life, share economic support, and be personally involved in the child's life in collaboration with the mother. Literature reviews on fatherhood yield numerous empirical studies of specific fatherhood behaviors, whereas theory and the "bigger picture" have been notably insufficient. In the present article, problems of fatherhood in modern society, methodological problems of studying fathering, and cultural specifics of fatherhood are discussed. In addition, in order to aid further study of the phenomenon, the theoretically developed and experimentally approved model of the structure of paternity and the description of a specially developed training for fathers are presented. A principal finding of this report is that fatherhood is socially determined and influenced by contextual forces within the family and the community. The absence of a father-figure is detrimental to child personality development. At the same time, fatherhood can be a factor of male personality development of the father.

Keywords: fatherhood, social determination, personality development, structural model

Este artículo representa un estudio empírico de la paternidad como factor de desarrollo de la personalidad masculina en los hombres. Está emergiendo un consenso de que la paternidad responsable permite al padre establecer su paternidad, estar presente en la vida del niño, compartir la carga económica e implicarse personalmente en la vida del niño, en colaboración con la madre. La revisión bibliográfica ofrece numerosos estudios empíricos sobre comportamientos paternales específicos, mientras que han faltado notablemente la teoría y una visión general. En este artículo, se comentan los problemas de la paternidad en la sociedad moderna, los problemas metodológicos del estudio de la paternidad y aspectos culturales específicos de la paternidad. Además, para contribuir a al estudio futuro del fenómeno, se presentan el modelo teóricamente desarrollado y experimentalmente aprobado de la estructura de la paternidad y la descripción de un entrenamiento especialmente desarrollado para padres. Uno de los resultados principales de este informe es el hecho de que la paternidad se determina socialmente y es afectado por fuerzas contextuales dentro de la familia y la comunidad. La ausencia de una figura paterna es perjudicial para el desarrollo de la personalidad del niño. Al mismo tiempo, la paternidad puede ser un factor de desarrollo de la personalidad masculina del padre.

Palabras clave: paternidad, determinación social, desarrollo de la personalidad, modelo estructural

The processes and rules of the peak of ontogenesis have not been ignored by researchers. In the fields of psychology, pedagogy, physiology, pathophysiology, and their junctions, many studies have been devoted, both to discrete and interrelated personality prognosis. However, despite the widespread declaration of the humanistic individual approach to this topic, attempts to construct a personality change determination system allowing for the comprehensive description of the trajectory of individual and personality development of the human male are rare and are usually fraught with internal contradictions. Contemporary society is facing the destruction of traditional sex stratification, leading to alterations in gender roles, including parenting. As a result, problems of the family as a social unit and a social system, familial upbringing, the influence of the family on personality development of the child and adult, and the social functioning of the family are currently of great relevance.

Currently there are many studies on the role of the mother, the influence of motherhood on the personality development of the human female. These studies cover a broad scope of directions; from studies of pregnancy to studies about the influence of the mother's the acceptance of her child and her emotional relationship on the child's development. …