An Empirical Study of the Performance of University Teachers Based on Organizational Commitment, Job Stress, Mental Health and Achievement Motivation/UNE ETUDE EMPIRIQUE DE LA PERFORMANCE DES ENSEIGNANTS UNIVERSITAIRES BASEE SUR L'ENGAGEMENT ORGANISATIONNEL, LE STRESS AU TRAVAIL, LA SANTE MENTALE ET LA MOTIVATION A LA REUSSITE

Article excerpt

Abstract:

This paper defines and analyzes the concept of the performance of university teachers and identifies the four variables of organizational commitment, job stress, mental health and achievement motivation. Thus, this paper puts forward the hypothesis that the four variables-organizational commitment, job stress, mental health, and achievement motivation play a part in teachers' job performance. Finally the conceptual model of the job performance of teachers is established based on the above four variables. In research based on interviews, a survey was conducted among some teachers in colleges and universities in Xi'an. Through SEM analysis, the results show that the sustained commitment has a negative effect on work performance while emotional commitment has a positive effect on work performance. Work stress has a positive effect on work performance but mental health has a negative effect on work performance, which is not consistent with the hypothesis. Studies also find that emotion commitment is the intermediary variable of the sustained commitment to job performance. Work pressure is the intermediary variable of work pressure affecting job performance whereas there is a positive correlation between achievement motivation and mental health.

Keywords: organizational commitment; work pressure; mental health; work /job performance

Résumé: Cet article définit et analyse le concept de la performance des enseignants universitaires et identifie les quatre variables, qui sont l'engagement organisational, le stress au travail, la santé mentale et la motivation à la réussite. Ainsi, ce document met en avant l'hypothèse que les quatre variables, c'est-à-dire l'engagement organisationnel, le stress au travail, la santé mentale, et la motivation à la réussite joue un rôle important dans la performance professionnelle des enseignants. Enfin, le modèle conceptuel de la performance des enseignants au travail est établi sur la base des quatre variables ci-dessus. Dans la recherche basée sur des entretiens, une enquête a été menée auprès de certains enseignants dans des collèges et des universités à Xi'an. Grâce à une analyse SEM, les résultats montrent que l'engagement soutenu a un effet négatif sur la performance au travail tandis que l'engagement émotionnel a un effet positif sur la performance au travail. Le stress au travail a un effet positif sur la performance au travail, mais la santé mentale a un effet négatif sur la performance au travail, qui n'est pas compatible avec l'hypothèse. Les études constatent également que l'engagement émotionnel est la variable intermédiaire de l'engagement soutenu de la performance au travail. La pression de travail est la variable intermédiaire qui affectent la performance au travail alors qu'il y a une corrélation positive entre la motivation à la réussite et la santé mentale.

Mots-clés: engagement organisationnel; pression au travail; santé mentale; performance au travail

1. INTRODUCTION

In the 2 1st century, an economic form - knowledge economy based on science and technology is approaching us. The advent of knowledge economy is the inevitable social development. It's a tremendous revolution unprecedented in human history, which will exert a profound influence on the format of production, life style, working methods, learning styles, thinking modes, and even education, management, leadership and so many other fields.

The 21st century is full of knowledge, information and learning. The relationship between education and technology is getting increasingly closer. Education today is tomorrow's economy and is becoming an important source of power. Education will be the strategic fundamental industry in the age of knowledge-based economy. For any country which wants to grasp the opportunity in knowledge economy, the key is to develop higher education and accelerate the pace of building knowledge-based society. Higher education plays a decisive role in the change of competition in the 21st century. …