General and Miscellaneous
Das Papsttum und das vielgestaltige Italien: Hundert Jahre Italia Pontificia. Edited by Klaus Herbers and Jochen Johrendt. [Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Neue Folge, Band 5. Stuthen zu Papstgeschichte und Papsturkunden.] (New York: de Gruyter, 2009. Pp. xvi, 721. euro149,96; $232.00. ISBN 978-3-110-21467-3).
This volume commemorates a century of Italia Pontificia by offering twenty-five contributions in German, Italian, and French on the history of the papacy in Italy. Each contribution ends with a summary, usually in a second language. Three articles compose the first of six sections.The first, by Michael Matheus, is on the German Historical Institute in Rome and Paul Kehr's study of papal documents. The second is a greeting by Cardinal Raffaele Farina of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. The third, by Klaus Herbers, considers the various geographical or boundary terms that bear on the contents of the Italia Pontificia, used in Italy in the early Middle Ages, particularly from the ninth through twelfth centuries.
The second section of the book consists of two articles on Rome and the changing centers of power in the early and high Middle Ages. The first, by Matthias Maser, is on the papacy and the east Roman Empire in the sixth century. The second, by Guglielmo Cavallo, is on the Byzantine influences in the ninth and tenth centuries between Campania and Latium. The five articles composing section 3, on the relations between Rome and the churches of Italy, begin with a piece by Wolfgang Huschner, which uses the examples of Benevento, Magdeburg, and Salerno to study the papacy and the new archbishoprics of the Ottoman period.The following study, by Jean-Marie Martin, is specifically of southern Italy (the mainland and Sicilian territories of the Kingdom of Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta). Martin gives a useful treatment of how the Italia Pontificia has treated the Mezzogiorno, with its unevenly surviving documents, and usefully lists recent discoveries and editions of texts. There follows a substantial study by Maria Pia Alberzoni of the interventions by the Roman Church in the Milanese ecclesiastical province. Jochen Johrendt then compares the reception of papal documents in Liguria, Umbria, and Calabria from 1046 to 1198, revealing various patterns, Liguria becoming closer to and Calabria farther from Rome over time. …