Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Article excerpt


The General People's Committee, Libya's Parliament, passed a decree in early June 1993 banning civil servants from having second jobs. Under Decree No. 365, civil servants were given until 31 July to stop all gainful activity outside official working hours. An estimated 70 per cent of the working population is currently employed by the State, but many civil servants take on other jobs to supplement government salaries, which have hardly changed for the past decade.

This new measure will make public sector employment less attractive and thus assist the Government's efforts to develop the private sector and implement market reforms. Besides, in a television speech broadcast on 31 August 1992, Colonel Qadhafi admitted that the State does not have enough money either to pay the salaries of public employees or to maintain the current level of expenditure on health and education -- two sectors targeted for priority privatization. The new prohibition could also help to reduce corruption, which has become the focus of frequent criticism by Libyan leaders in recent months. According to Colonel Qadhafi, many employees of the state-owned oil industry in particular have made fortunes from oil deals, although he insists the State's financial difficulties are not due to embezzlement, but to overstretching the country's resources.

During a visit to the headquarters of the civil servants' trade union on 28 May 1993 Colonel Qadhafi announced that the civil service has become anachronistic in the context of the Great Jamahiriya's socio-economic system. …