The Effect of Creative Writing Activities on the Story Writing Skill

Article excerpt

Abstract

The aim of this research is to determine the effect of creative writing activities on the skill of university students in writing story genre text. Unequaled control group model which is half experimental is used in this research. 1/A section (experimental group) of standard class and 1/B section (control group) of evening class from Turkish Language Teaching Department of Gazi Education Faculty of Gazi University constitute the sample of the research. 60 students participate in the research in total. The data obtained from the result of creative writing activities processed in 10 weeks are evaluated with regard to "The Scale of Story Writing Skill ". It has been revealed that according to scale of story writing skill there is statistically a significant difference between the points [t(29) = -5,172; p≤,05 ] the students got from the post-test in the experimental and the control group. In other words, creative writing activities are more effective than traditional writing education in improving story writing skill. Besides, creative writing activities have a significant effect on content dimension [ t(29) = -3,668; p≤ ,05 ]; planning dimension [ t(29) =-3, 151; p≤ ,05 ]; characterization dimension [ t(29) = -5,666; p≤ ,05]; setting dimension [t(29) =-4,479; p≤ ,05 ] , and time dimension [ t(29) =-4,471; p≤ ,05 ] of story structure. According to these results, creative writing activities should be mentioned in Turkish courses and confidence in classroom should be taught in the relevant department of teacher training agencies and preservice teachers should be trained as qualified ones in terms of both practical and theoretical aspects of creative writing.

Key Words

Creativity, Creative Writing, Story Writing, Approach of Process.

Creativity is comprised of some qualities such as originality, extraordinariness, exceptionality, composing things in hitherto unseen ways (Ömeroglu, 1990; Üstündag, 2002; Yildirim, 1998). San (2002) and Torrance (1998) define creativity as an ability which is present in all emotional and cognitive activities and in all kinds of work and endeavor, laying the foundations of all aspects of human life and development. At the heart of creativity lies the ability to make new connections among hitherto unassociated items and to come up with new experiences, new and original thoughts within this novel thinking scheme (Izgören, 1999; Kale, 1994; May, 1994; Sylvan, 1997; Turla, 2004).

Creative Writing

Directly associated with creativity, creative writing means one's putting his or her ideas and feelings about a particular topic on paper by using his or her imagination freely (Oral, 2003). Creative writing involves going beyond the ordinary without deviating from the normal values, creating ideas that are different from everyone else's ideas with the help of one's imagination, achieving originality, and writing fluently while taking pleasure in the act of composing, and going beyond the standards (Küçük, 2007). Creative writing is characterized by originality and imagination rather than truthfulness or standardization of thoughts (Brookes & Marshall, 2004). Creative writing requires organization, planning, and discovery of thoughts and it rejects restrained thinking. "Recreating emotional experiences freely in mind" is a fundamental philosophy of creative writing (Sharples, 1996). Factors motivating students to become involved in creative writing activities include a higher order of thinking, exploration and observation skills, knowledge, a regular habit of reading, innovativeness, a critical eye for things happening around, richness of emotions and experience, sufficient use of information, communication technologies, and diversity of methods (Küçük, 2007). With the end of World War I, the concepts of democratic society and democratic citizenship became prevalent. At the same time, advances took place both in industrial development and social transformation as well as in the realm of international relations. …